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Epidemiology


The Epidemiology Program serves residents of the districts by monitoring for the occurrence of reportable and emerging diseases or suspected outbreaks of illness (natural or otherwise), providing recommendations and guidance to prevent the spread of communicable diseases, and investigating outbreaks of disease and other public health emergencies.   
Areas of Responsibility Include:

  • Respiratory infections [e.g., influenza (both seasonal and pandemic), legionellosis, etc.]
  • Gastrointestinal illnesses (e.g., norovirus, salmonellosis/typhoid fever, shigellosis, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, campylobacteriosis, botulism, hepatitis A, listeriosis, giardiasis, cholera, etc.)
  • Agents that may be used for bioterrorism (e.g., anthrax, tularemia, smallpox, viral hemorrhagic fevers, Q fever, etc.)
  • Other conditions of public health importance (e.g., emerging infectious diseases, invasive bacterial infections, drug-resistant infections, outbreaks)
  • Infections and other health conditions potentially associated with healthcare facilities

Pie Chart

Roanoke City Health District

 

Other Reportable Diseases

2009 Cases Reported

Chlamydia trachomatis Infection

823

Gonorrhea

258

Influenza

83

HIV Disease

35

Staphylocococcus aureus Infection, invasive  (MRSA)

34

AIDS

33

Lead-Elevated Blood Levels in Children

22

Tuberculosis

10

Syphilis, Early

8

Chickenpox

3

Pertussis

1

Meningococcal

1

Listeriosis

1

Kawasaki Syndrome

1

Hepatitis B, Acute

1

H. Influenzae Infection, Invasive

1

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

0

Mumps

0

Rabies in Animals

0

Lyme Disease

0

Malaria

0

Hepatitis A

0

Hepatitis C, Acute

0

Amebiasis

0

Data Source:  Virginia Reportable Disease Surveillance Data, http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/Epidemiology/Surveillance/SurveillanceData/

 


Last Updated: 12-08-2011

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