HIA is a combination of procedures, methods, and tools by which a policy, program, or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population.
(Source: Cole, B. L., Shimkhada, R., Fielding, J. E., Kominski, G., & Morgenstern, H. (2005). Methodologies for realizing the potential of health impact assessment. Americanjournal of preventive medicine, 28(4), 382-389, p.386).
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