Cases of mumps have recently been identified in Virginia, particularly among college-aged students. Local health department staff have been investigating these cases to determine epidemiologic links between them.
Mumps is an acute viral illness most often characterized by parotitis (swelling of the salivary glands), orchitis (swelling of the testes), or oophoritis (swelling of the ovaries) unexplained by a more likely diagnosis. Other symptoms may include low-grade fever, myalgia, anorexia, malaise, and headache. However, mumps infection may present as only nonspecific or primary respiratory symptoms and up to 20% of infections are asymptomatic.
The incubation period for mumps is roughly 18 days (range 12-25 days) and individuals are infectious from 3 days before until 5 days after the onset of parotitis.
While two-dose vaccination with the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine is the best way to prevent mumps infection, the vaccine is not 100 percent effective.
If you are experiencing signs/symptoms of mumps, please contact your health care provider.
Local health departments also offer many routine vaccinations. Contact your local health department for more information.