For many decades, death was likely for people with tuberculosis (TB). World TB Day celebrates the day in 1882 when Dr. Robert Koch discovered the cause of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a small rod-shaped bacteria. At the time of Koch’s announcement, TB was raging through both Europe and the Americas. It caused the death of one out of every seven people. Dr. Koch’s discovery was an important step toward the control and elimination of this deadly disease.
Scientists later learned that there are two types of TB Conditions:
- TB Disease and
- Latent (or inactive) TB infection.
People with TB Disease are sick from active TB bacteria. They usually have symptoms such as cough, fever, tiredness, or weight loss. They may spread the bacteria to others.
People with latent TB infection:
- Do not feel sick,
- Do not have symptoms, and
- Cannot spread TB bacteria to others.
If left untreated, the inactive, non-contagious form of TB can become an infectious form of the disease.
TB in Virginia
TB was the first disease that the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) addressed when it was formed in 1908. At that time, VDH had a staff of four and a budget of $40,000. At least half of the budget was used to help the 12,100 Virginians living with TB at that time. Today, TB remains an important preventable disease in Virginia. Treating cases of infectious TB disease is important, but it’s only the tip of the iceberg. We will never end TB without screening people for latent TB infection and treating it to prevent its progression. Treatment for LTBI can be as short as one dose of medicine a week for 12 weeks!
Should you be screened for latent (or inactive) TB Infection? You may want to contact your health provider or local health department if you:
- Have close contact (in your home or workplace) with a person with infectious TB disease;
- Have lived or visited for 3 months or more in a country where tuberculosis is common;
- Have been homeless and lived in a shelter or other setting where many people live together;
- Have a medical condition that makes it hard for your body to fight infections, such as diabetes mellitus, severe kidney disease or HIV infection;
- Take medical treatments such as steroids on a regular basis or take special medicines for rheumatoid arthritis or Crohn’s Disease.
Want more information about Latent Tuberculosis Infections? Please visit:
Virginia will celebrate its CACFP week on March 17-23, 2019. The CACFP brings healthy foods to tables across the country for children in childcare centers, homes, afterschool programs and adults in day care. Last year the program raised awareness with hundreds visiting the site and on social. Don’t miss out on the fun, follow the program and share along with these hashtags #VACACFP #CACFPWeek #QualityChildCare. For more information, visit here.
Download a free children’s activity book.
March is Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month. The VDH Cancer Prevention and Control Program works to decrease the burden of colorectal and other cancers through helping to develop and promote evidence-based strategies shown to prevent and control cancer. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer death. However, CRC screening makes dying from this disease preventable. During this month, we want to continue to spread the message that CRC is “Preventable. Treatable. Beatable!”
Colorectal cancer is cancer that occurs in the colon or rectum. It is also called colon cancer, for short. Sometimes abnormal growths, called polyps, form in the colon or rectum. Over time, some polyps may turn into cancer. Screening tests can find polyps so they can be removed before turning into cancer. Screening also helps find colorectal cancer at an early stage, when treatment works best.
To learn more about decreasing CRC risks, visit this page at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): http://bit.ly/2Fjfs7t.
Virginia is seeing more visits to hospitals and clinics due to the sudden onset of symptoms of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and stomach cramping. These illnesses are associated with the arrival of norovirus season. Norovirus is often called the “stomach flu” or the “stomach bug,” and it is on the rise. Learn the best ways to stop the spread of norovirus. Wash your hands with warm soap and water for at least 20 seconds, and stay home from work or school if ill. Learn more about norovirus infection and prevention.
The risk for exposure to flu during travel depends somewhat on the time of year and destination. People should get vaccinated at least 2 weeks before travel because it takes 2 weeks for vaccine immunity to develop after vaccination. Learn more about Influenza Prevention – Information for Travelers at: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/travelers/travelersfacts.htm
The best time to prepare for severe winter weather is now. In order to reduce the risk of weather-related health problems and injuries, take this time to prepare before a winter emergency hits. Here are several winter weather preparedness tips you can take to keep yourself and your loved ones safe.
Whether you are celebrating at home or dining out, there are simple steps you can take to keep you and your loved ones safe and healthy this holiday season.
Preparing a holiday meal at home? Prevent foodborne illness by washing hands and surfaces frequently, avoiding cross-contamination, cooking foods to proper temperatures, and refrigerating foods promptly. If you are cooking a holiday turkey, follow these four tips to take the guesswork out of preparation:
- Thawing: Thaw turkeys in the refrigerator, in a sink of cold water (changed every 30 minutes), or in a microwave. Frozen turkeys are safe indefinitely, but thawing turkeys must defrost at a safe temperature. Turkeys left out for more than two hours at room temperature can creep into the danger zone between 40°F and 140°F, where bacteria can grow rapidly.
- Handling: It’s flu season! Be sure to thoroughly wash your hands to prevent the spread of germs, using soap and clean running water for at least 20 seconds. This will help prevent the spread of bacteria from raw poultry, too. Don’t forget to also thoroughly wash utensils and work surfaces to protect your food and family!
- Stuffing: If you stuff the turkey, do so just before cooking. Bacteria can survive in stuffing that has not reached 165°F and possibly cause food poisoning, so use a food thermometer to make sure the stuffing’s center reaches this temperature. For optimum safety, cook your stuffing in a casserole dish for even cooking.
- Cooking: Set your oven to at least 325°F, and place the completely thawed turkey with the breast side up in a 2 to 2-1/2 inch deep roasting pan. Cooking times will vary depending on weight, so use a food thermometer inserted into the center of the stuffing and the thickest portions of the breast, thigh, and wing joint to make sure the bird has reached a safe internal temperature of 165°F. Let the turkey stand 20 minutes before removing all stuffing from the cavity and carving the meat.
Dining out? Follow these four tips from CDC to prevent food poisoning:
- Check inspection s online for the restaurant you plan to go to. Restaurant inspection data for Virginia is available by health district here.
- Make sure that the restaurant is clean. If not, you may want to visit a different establishment.
- Check that your food is cooked thoroughly, and send back any undercooked food as it may contain harmful bacteria if not cooked adequately.
- Properly handle leftovers by refrigerating within 4 hours of eating. Eat leftovers within 3 to 4 days from purchase.
For more information, check out CDC’s blog for more Holiday Food Safety Tips and Food Safety Tips for Your Holiday Turkey.
By now, you probably know that it is recommended that everyone 6 months of age or older receive a flu vaccination each year. While it’s best to get your flu shot as soon as it is available (sometimes as early as August)! Flu season usually peaks in January or February and continues through May. Getting a flu shot is not only the single best way to protect yourself from getting sick, it’s also the best way to prevent the spread of flu to others.
Help us make Virginia the healthiest state in the nation by getting a flu shot and encouraging your friends and family to get one as well.
It is important to get a flu shot even if you had one last year. Your immune protection from vaccination declines over time, so an annual vaccination is needed to get the best protection against the flu.
The flu is a serious disease, especially for certain age groups and people with certain chronic health conditions, such as:
- Children younger than five, but especially younger than two years old
- Adults 65 years of age or older
- Women who are pregnant or just had a baby
- People with chronic health conditions
Remember, a flu shot cannot cause illness.
To find out where to get a flu shot in your area, contact your local health department or use the vaccine finder. And visit our Miss The Flu page for more information on how to miss the flu, not your life!
Food safety is important for keeping your holiday gathering happy and healthy. However, food safety can be a challenge during the holiday season. Group gatherings may include more dishes than there is room for in the refrigerator or oven. Guest lists may also include those who are more vulnerable to illness, such as older people, young children, and pregnant women.
Follow these tips for a food-safe, happy holiday season:
- It’s flu season! Wash your hands well to prevent the spread of germs, using soap and clean running water for at least 20 seconds. This will help prevent the spread of bacteria from raw poultry, too.
- Wash all fresh produce to reduce the potential for bacterial contamination.
- Don’t forget to also wash utensils and work surfaces to protect your food and family!
Let’s Talk Turkey
Follow the tips in the infographic (right) to make sure your turkey is both delicious and safe to serve.
Cooking for a large group?
- Prepare uncooked recipes before recipes that include raw meat. Also, store uncooked items out of the way while preparing meat dishes. These steps will help to reduce cross-contamination.
- Cook to the proper temperature, and use a thermometer!
- Remember the golden rule: Keep hot food hot and cold food cold! Use chafing dishes or crock pots and ice trays. Hot items should stay above 140 ˚F, and cold items should stay below 40 ˚F.
- Discard perishable foods left out for 2 hours or more. Plan to refrigerate any leftovers within 2 hours of preparation.
Follow these four tips from CDC to prevent food poisoning:
- Check inspections online for the restaurant you plan to go to. Restaurant inspection data for Virginia is available by health district here.
- Make sure that the restaurant is clean. If not, you may want to visit a different establishment.
- Check that your food is completely cooked. Send back any undercooked food, as it may contain harmful bacteria.
- Refrigerate leftovers within 4 hours of eating. Eat leftovers within 3 to 4 days from purchase.
View our My Meal Detective videos to learn how to prevent and report foodborne illness. For more information on general food safety, visit the VDH Food Safety page and:
CDC- Food Safety Tips for the Holidays and Tips for Your Holiday Turkey
FDA- Food Safety Tips for Healthy Holidays
FightBAC.org- Holiday Food Safety Resources (includes recipes and kids games and activities)
FoodSafety.gov- Thanksgiving and Winter Holidays
USDA- Seasonal Food Safety
This important week alerts individuals to the growing threat of antibiotic resistance – a serious public health issue – and urges everyone to use antibiotics appropriately.
What is antibiotic resistance?
Antibiotic resistance is when bacteria in your body are able to fight the drugs designed to kill them. The antibiotics become useless, and the harmful bacteria are still in your body.
How does antibiotic resistance occur?
Resistance happens when you are exposed to antibiotics inappropriately or over and over again.
How can I protect myself?
Use antibiotics appropriately! This means only taking antibiotics that are prescribed to you, and to take your antibiotics exactly as they are prescribed. It is also important that you do not take antibiotics for infections caused by viruses, because antibiotics do not kill viruses. Some common infections caused by viruses are the common cold, the flu, and most sore throats.
To raise awareness for this week, the Healthcare-Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance (HAI/AR) team at VDH challenged nurses across Virginia to join the fight by studying educational material about antibiotic resistance and completing a quiz to test their knowledge. This initiative was designed to help your nurses protect you from antibiotic resistance. The challenge will wrap up on November 15th. Keep an eye out on the VDH social media pages for results!
The HAI/AR team also released a special edition newsletter about Antibiotics Awareness Week, which spotlights hospital systems committed to reducing antibiotic resistance.
We hope you will use the resources provided in the above links to arm yourselves with information and do your part to reduce antibiotic resistance!