Diabetes is a risk factor for many serious complications, such as:

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Amputations
  • Blindness
  • Kidney disease

It affects African Americans, Native Americans and Hispanics/Latinos more than other groups. Diabetes Is controllable. People with diabetes can take steps to control the disease and lower the risk of complications.

Pre-diabetes | Am I at risk?

  • Sugar levels are higher than normal but are not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes
  • Increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes and for heart disease and stroke
  • Nearly 90 percent of adults who have prediabetes don’t know they have it
  • Eating healthy food and being physically active lowers the risk of developing diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

  • Appears suddenly in people, usually before age 20
  • High sugar levels caused by a total lack of insulin
  • Accounts for 5 to 10 percent of diabetes cases
  • Is treated with daily insulin injections or use of an insulin pump

Type 2 diabetes | Am I at risk?

  • Condition in which the pancreas makes some insulin but the insulin is not used effectively
  • Usually develops gradually, mainly in adults but is increasing in children
  • Accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all diabetes cases
  • Is controllable by diet, exercise, and daily monitoring of glucose levels. Sometimes treated with diabetes pills and/or insulin injections

Gestational Diabetes

  • Occurs in the second half of a women’s pregnancy.
  • Appears in up to 5 percent of pregnancies and usually disappears when the pregnancy is over
  • Requires treatment to avoid complications in the baby
  • Poses an increased risk of later developing type 2 diabetes