Virginia’s HIV Surveillance Program
Virginia’s HIV Surveillance Program resides within the Virginia Department of Health’s Division of Disease Prevention and is responsible for managing the state HIV surveillance system and conducting ongoing HIV surveillance, investigation and epidemiologic activities for the state of Virginia. The data collected is critical, as it reflects the picture of the HIV epidemic in Virginia, actively guides data-driven planning and resource allocation and evaluates the effectiveness and impact of HIV prevention and care services programs.
Virginia participates in the following Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) federally funded HIV surveillance activities:
HIV Case (“Core”) Surveillance
This program collects epidemiologic data on persons infected with HIV infection and encourages the ongoing and systematic collection of HIV reporting from public and private providers and laboratories across the state.
HIV Incidence Surveillance
Incidence surveillance provides national and area-specific population-based estimates of the number of new HIV infections (within approximately five months) that occur annually and assists in identifying the groups who are contracting HIV.
Medical Monitoring Project (MMP)
MMP is a population-based surveillance project which assesses the characteristics of persons infected with HIV, the care they receive, and their clinical outcomes and behaviors.
MHS, which incorporates the collection of HIV nucleotide sequences into surveillance activities, assesses prevalence and trends in acquired and transmitted HIV drug resistance, evaluates HIV genetic diversity, and describes HIV transmission patterns.