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Healthcare Personnel (HCP) and Vaccinations


Why are vaccinations important for healthcare personnel? Achieving and sustaining high vaccination coverage among healthcare personnel will help to save lives, reduce disease burden and shrink health-care costs.

Who qualifies as healthcare personnel? All paid and unpaid persons working in health-care settings who have potential for exposure to patients and/or to infectious materials, including body substances, contaminated medical supplies and equipment, contaminated environmental surfaces, or contaminated air (CDC, 11/25/2011).

In which settings do vaccination recommendations apply? Recommendations apply to all HCP as defined above, including but not limited to those in hospitals, long-term care facilities, urgent care and emergency care facilities, physician's offices, outpatient clinics, rehabilitation centers, home healthcare settings, dialysis centers, surgery centers, senior housing and care communities, laboratories and health departments.

Which vaccines are recommended for healthcare personnel?

Routine vaccination or documentation of immunity

  • Hepatitis B
  • Influenza (Flu)
  • Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR)
  • Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis (Tdap)
  • Varicella (Chickenpox)
Vaccination of HCP in certain circumstances
  • Meningococcal
  • Polio
  • Typhoid

For details, see Immunization of Health-Care Personnel (11/25/2011)

Laws and Regulations Concerning HCP Vaccinations

National Vaccine Recommendations for HCP

Influenza Vaccination of HCP

The following resources are specific to influenza vaccination of healthcare personnel. The Healthy People 2020 Objective is to have 90% of healthcare personnel vaccinated against seasonal flu (Objective IID-12.9).

Reporting of HCP Influenza Vaccination Rates

Flyers/Educational Tools for Educating HCP about Vaccination

Resources on Vaccination Administration


Last Updated: 04-15-2014

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