Vaccination is a key infection prevention tool for healthcare workers as well as patients entering healthcare facilities. Patients may be at greater risk for serious infections and complications from vaccine-preventable diseases due to age, weakened immune systems, or underlying health conditions. It is important to encourage staff members, patients, visitors, and family members to get vaccinated to protect themselves from disease and help prevent the spread of disease within healthcare facilities as well as in the community.
For detailed information on vaccinations in healthcare settings, please visit the Division of Immunization’s healthcare webpage.
As conditions of participation in their quality reporting programs, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) requires several types of healthcare facilities to report summary-level healthcare personnel (HCP) influenza vaccination rates to the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). These healthcare settings include:
The NHSN’s Healthcare Personnel Influenza Vaccination Module enables healthcare facilities to record HCP influenza vaccination summary-level data so that HCP influenza vaccination percentages are consistent over time within a single healthcare facility and comparable across facilities and can be used by various types of healthcare facilities. The protocol and instructions, forms, and FAQs for this module can be found here by clicking on the appropriate healthcare setting and selecting the link in the box for healthcare personnel influenza vaccination.
In September 2015, the VDH healthcare-associated infection reporting regulations were updated to align state reporting requirements with the CMS Hospital Inpatient Quality Reporting Program. Under the new regulations, hospitals are reporting healthcare personnel influenza vaccination data to VDH through NHSN for all inpatient healthcare personnel. For more information on these data and the state regulation mandating their reporting, please see the Public Reporting page.
More information on influenza vaccination can be found on the VDH flu vaccination page.
Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) – a group of experts in fields associated with immunization that provides advice and guidance to governmental agencies on the control of vaccine-preventable diseases. This group develops written recommendations for the routine administration of vaccines to children and adults, including age for vaccine administration, number of doses and dosing interval (how long between doses), and precautions and contraindications.
Bolyard EA, Tablan OC, Williams WW, Pearson ML, Shapiro CN, Deitchman SD, and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). Guideline for Infection Control in Healthcare Personnel, 1998.
Immunization Action Coalition – a non-profit organization that works to increase immunization rates and prevent disease by creating and distributing educational materials for health professionals and the public.
Vaccination FAQ (for assisted living facilities and nursing homes)
Vaccination FAQ (for other healthcare settings)
For detailed information regarding recommended vaccinations, vaccination coverage data, vaccination procedures, or other information, please visit the Virginia Department of Health’s Division of Immunization at http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/epidemiology/Immunization/ or call the Division at 1-800-568-1929.