Antimicrobials are drugs that treat infections caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Antimicrobials have played a major role in the advancement of medicine and have extended the human lifespan.
Antibiotics are drugs that only treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics kill bacteria by altering normal bacterial cell processes. Bacteria have the capability to become resistant to all available antibiotics.
More than 2 million infections per year are caused by antimicrobial resistant organisms in the U.S. alone. Without preventative actions, antimicrobial resistant infections will become the leading cause of death worldwide in 2050, outpacing death caused by all cancers.