The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that the most common type of heart disease in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD), which can lead to heart attack. A heart attack, also called a myocardial infarction, occurs when a section of the heart muscle dies or gets damaged because of reduced blood supply.
If you have a heart attack, you are more likely to survive if you know the signs and symptoms, call 9-1-1 right away, and get to a hospital quickly. People who have had a heart attack can also reduce the risk of future heart attacks or strokes by making lifestyle changes and taking medication.
Signs and Symptoms of Heart Attack
The five major symptoms of a heart attack are:
If you think that you or someone you know is having a heart attack, you should call 9-1-1 immediately.
Stroke is a leading cause of death in the United States. The CDC reports that over 800,000 people die in the U.S. each year from cardiovascular disease and strokes.
A stroke, sometimes called a brain attack, occurs when a clot blocks the blood supply to the brain or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. You can greatly reduce your risk for stroke through lifestyle changes and, in some cases, medication.
Stroke can cause death or significant disability, such as paralysis, speech difficulties, and emotional problems. Some new treatments can reduce stroke damage if patients get medical care soon after symptoms begin. When a stroke happens, it is important to recognize the symptoms, call 9-1-1 right away, and get to a hospital quickly.
Signs and Symptoms of Stroke
The five most common signs and symptoms of stroke are:
Signs of a stroke always come on suddenly. If your symptoms go away after a few minutes, you may have had a "mini-stroke," also called a transient ischemic attack (TIA). TIAs do not cause permanent damage but can be a warning sign of a full strokeâ€”you should still get help immediately.
If you or someone else experiences one or more signs or symptoms of stroke, call 9-1-1 immediately. Every minute counts!
If you want to prevent a heart attack or stroke, the CDC recommends living a healthy lifestyle and preventing or treating your medical conditions.
Live a Healthy Lifestyle
Eating foods low in saturated fat and cholesterol and high in fiber can help prevent high blood cholesterol. Limiting salt or sodium in your diet can also lower your blood pressure.
Prevent or Treat Your Medical Conditions
If you have high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or diabetes, there are steps you can take to lower your risk for heart disease.