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General Research Issues
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Are Latinos Less Satisfied with Communication by Health Care Providers? This Journal of General Internal Medicine article uses the survey method to “examine associations of patient ratings of communication by health care providers with patient language (English vs. Spanish) and ethnicity (Latino vs. white).”
Can Cultural Competency Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities? A Review and Conceptual Model This Medical Care Research and Review article uses the literature review method to lay the foundation for a conceptual model of cultural competency’s potential to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities.
Crossing the Language Chasm This Health Affairs article provides “an in-depth analysis of what language-assistance programs look like in practice.” It is meant for purchasers, policymakers and researchers to identify ways to cross the language chasm by learning from the experiences of fourteen linguistically competent health plans.
Defining Cultural Competence: A Practical Framework for Addressing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care This Public Health Reports article uses the literature review method to “develop a definition of cultural competence, identify key components for intervention, and describe a practical framework for implementation of measures to address racial/ethnic disparities in health and health care.”
Do Professional Interpreters Improve Clinical Care for Patients with Limited English Proficiency? A Systematic Review of the Literature “To determine if professional medical interpreters have a positive impact on clinical care for limited English proficiency (LEP) patients,” researchers did a systematic literature search to find that “published studies report positive benefits of professional interpreters on communication (errors and comprehension), utilization, clinical outcomes and satisfaction with care.”
Doctoring Across the Language Divide This Health Affairs article provides a physician’s narrative on an interpreter mediated consultation with a limited English proficient patient and the effects of the interpreters on the quality of healthcare given.
Effect of Language Barriers on Follow-up Appointments After an Emergency Department Visit This Journal of General Internal Medicine article uses the interview method to “determine whether patients who encountered language barriers during an emergency department visit were less likely to be referred for a follow-up appointment and less likely to complete a recommended appointment.”
Effects of interpreters on the evaluation of psychopathology in non-English-speaking patients. This American Journal of Psychiatry article uses the interview method and content analysis of eight audiotaped psychiatric interviews to evaluate possible distortions that could result from interpreter-mediated psychiatric interviews. This is only an abstract.
Eliminating Language Barriers for non-English-speaking patients. This Medical Care article compares the benefits of traditional interpretation with the interpreter physically present (control) with that of remote-simultaneous interpretation with the interpreter linked from a remote site (experimental) using the measures of number of physician and patient utterances, quality of interpretation and participants’ preferences. This is only an abstract.
The Health and Well-Being of Children in Immigrant Families In this New Federalism: National Survey of America’s Families article, The Urban Institute studies the well being of children in immigrant families using the measures of family environment, physical and emotional health, and access to needed services.
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