A case is an identified COVID-19 infection that has been confirmed with a positive laboratory result. If you have been diagnosed with COVID-19, you must isolate, which means separate yourself from people who are not sick to avoid spreading illness. For details see FAQ Section Isolation / Quarantine / Movement Restrictions / Public Health Monitoring.
Close contact is defined as being within 6 feet of a person with COVID-19 for at least 15 minutes or having exposure to the person’s respiratory secretions (for example, coughed or sneezed on; shared a drinking glass or utensils; kissing) while they were contagious. A person with COVID-19 is considered to be contagious starting from 2 days before they became sick, or 2 days before they tested positive if they never had symptoms. Contacts of COVID-19 must quarantine, which means stay at home to limit community exposure to illness and to see if symptoms develop. For details see FAQ Section Isolation / Quarantine / Movement Restrictions / Public Health Monitoring.
If you had or continue to have close contact with a contact you must take preventative actions, by washing your hands, covering your coughs and sneezes, and cleaning surfaces frequently. You must be alert for symptoms of COVID-19.
To be considered exposed to COVID-19, you have to have had close contact with someone with COVID-19. Close contact includes:
- Living with a person who has COVID-19
- Providing care for a person who has COVID-19
- Being within 6 feet of a person with COVID-19 for 15 minutes or more, or
- Having exposure to respiratory secretions from a person with COVID-19 (e.g., being coughed or sneezed on, sharing a drinking glass or utensils, kissing)
A person with COVID-19 is considered to be contagious starting from 2 days before they became sick (or 2 days before they tested positive if they never had symptoms)until they meet the criteria to discontinue isolation.
Being indoors, such as a classroom or hospital waiting room, with a sick person with COVID-19 and remaining more than 6 feet away, does not put you at a higher risk of getting sick. Additionally, briefly walking by or being briefly in the same room as a sick person with COVID-19 does not put you at a higher risk of getting sick.
VDH recommends that you stay home for 14 days after the last time you saw that person and practice social distancing. Social distancing means keeping a distance of at least 6 feet from others. Do not go to work or school during this time period. Avoid all public spaces, public activities, and group gatherings and do not take public transportation such as buses, trains taxis, or ride-shares during this time. If necessary, your local health department can ensure that your basic needs (for example, food and medication) are being met.
Monitor your health closely during this 14-day time period. When monitoring your health, be aware of the most common signs of COVID-19 (fever, cough, shortness of breath). Other signs of COVID-19 include chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat and a new loss of taste or smell. If you develop signs of illness, take appropriate actions. If you have only mild illness, it is important to stay home and rest to prevent spreading infection to others. Not everyone with COVID-19 will have all symptoms and fever might not be present. If you do have symptoms and want to get tested for COVID-19, please reach out to your healthcare provider. Your provider may collect samples to test you or help you to find sampling sites in your area. If you have a medical emergency, call 911 and let them know that you have had exposure to a person with COVID-19.
If you have traveled to an area where COVID-19 is spreading in the community or if you have been in close contact with a person with COVID-19, you should take your temperature twice daily and remain alert for signs of illness, including fever, cough, chills, muscle or body aches, headache, sore throat, new loss of taste or smell, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, runny nose, nausea or vomiting and diarrhea. It is important to not eat, drink, or exercise for at least 30 minutes before taking your temperature.
If you develop mild illness, it is important to stay home and rest. It is very important that people with even mild signs of illness (fever, cough, chills, shaking with chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat) stay home to prevent spreading illness to others! Even those with mild illness could pass the infection to others.
Page last reviewed: August 4, 2020