HIV Surveillance

Dedicated to collecting and analyzing high quality data on HIV infection through coordinated surveillance initiatives.

Surveillance data are critical to monitor the HIV epidemic, analyze trends in infection and provide accurate information for planning, evaluation, policy development and resource allocation for prevention and care programs.

Virginia’s HIV Surveillance Overview

The Virginia HIV Surveillance Program plays an important part in HIV programming. The goal of the program is to collect complete and accurate data. HIV data activities are also mandated through the Code of VirginiaThe Virginia Surveillance Program collects data through both passive and active activities. Healthcare providers and labs statewide provide data for the program.

Jurisdictional Collaboration: Virginia, District of Columbia, and Maryland

A cross-jurisdictional cooperation letter was finalized on January 13, 2017. HIV/AIDS Directors in the District of Columbia (DC), Maryland (MD), and Virginia signed the letter. The letter requests providers and laboratories in all jurisdictions to report diagnoses and provide case information to requesting health department staff. It also outlines the purpose of case surveillance and investigation conducted by the health department staff. The effort facilitates more complete reporting, enhanced monitoring of HIV health outcomes, and a more accurate description of the HIV epidemic in all jurisdictions.

The full letter can be read here.

Surveillance Programs

HIV Case Surveillance

This is the core VDH HIV surveillance program.  It collects required data on people living with HIV.  It also encourages the collection of HIV reporting from healthcare providers and laboratories across the state.  This includes both public and private providers and labs.  For additional reporting requirements, please visit: https://www.vdh.virginia.gov/disease-prevention/disease-reporting/.

HIV Cluster Detection and Response (CDR)

CDR incorporates the collection of HIV laboratory data into surveillance activities.  It assesses the prevalence and trends in acquired and transmitted HIV drug resistance, evaluates HIV genetic diversity, and describes transmission patterns.

Medical Monitoring Project (MMP)

MMP is a population-based project that assesses the characteristics of people living with HIV.  It examines medical care received by people living with HIV, their health outcomes, and behaviors.

National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS)

NHBS focuses on groups that are at highest risk for HIV.  It examines the behaviors that increase people’s risk for HIV infection.  NHBS is anonymous and Virginia is one of 22 sites participating across the country.

HIV Data and Statistics

For questions regarding HIV data and statistics, visit our data page, or contact Chelsea Canan, Lead HIV Epidemiologist at chelsea.canan@vdh.virginia.gov.

Last Updated: March 22, 2021.