Virginia Income and Poverty

Virginia Income and Poverty

Usability and Accessibility: The dashboard below includes information regarding income and poverty levels for Virginia. Use the navigation menu on the left side panel to access the dashboard and information for other topic areas at the Virginia or Locality level. The dashboards include text captions for charts and tables that are accessible to screen readers. For each chart or table, you can also access the underlying data by clicking on the links in the Data and Documentation section. For more information on measure definitions, data sources, and data notes, see the collapsible sections below each dashboard.

Metric Description Source Data Published
Virginia Income & Poverty National Ranking The rank is calculated by sorting the percent of population living in poverty for all of the United States (including the District of Columbia) from least to greatest. The closer to 1, the better Virginia is doing as compared to the other states. See Data Notes below for the definition of poverty. US Census Bureau 2019 5-year American Community Survey December 2020
Poverty Following the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Statistical Policy Directive 14, the U.S. Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold, then that family and every individual in it is considered in poverty. The official poverty thresholds do not vary geographically, but they are updated for inflation using the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). The official poverty description uses money income before taxes and does not include capital gains or noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid, and food stamps). US Census Bureau N/A
Population Living in Poverty The population living in poverty is the number of people living in households with annual income below the poverty threshold. Percent of population living in poverty represents the proportion of Virginia population (for whom poverty status can be determined) living in poverty. See the Data Notes below for more information on the population for whom the poverty status can be determined. US Census Bureau 2019 5-year American Community Survey December 2020
Households Below ALICE Threshold ALICE (Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed) households are households with income above the Federal Poverty Level but below the basic cost of living. The ALICE threshold is the average income needed to afford the basic necessities defined by the Household Survival Budget for each county in Virginia. Households below the ALICE threshold include both ALICE and poverty-level households. Percent of households represents the proportion of Virginia households below the ALICE threshold. United for ALICE 2020
Median Household Income Median income is the income amount that divides the state population into two equal groups, half having an income above that amount, and half having an income below that amount. Household income is the income of the householder and all other individuals 15 years old and over in the household, whether they are related to the householder or not, in the past 12 months. US Census Bureau 2019 5-year American Community Survey December 2020
Average Annual Income per Person Average annual income per person is the mean income computed for every man, woman, and child including those living in group quarters. It is derived by dividing the aggregate income of a particular group by the total population in that group. US Census Bureau 2019 5-year American Community Survey December 2020
Children Living in Poverty The number of children under 18 years of age living in households with annual income below the poverty threshold. Percent of children living in poverty represents the population (for whom poverty status can be determined) that are under 18 and living in poverty, over the population (for whom poverty status can be determined) that are under 18. See the Data Notes below for more information on the population for whom the poverty status can be determined. US Census Bureau 2019 5-year American Community Survey December 2020
Notes Description
Population for Whom the Poverty Status Can be Determined The population for whom the poverty status can be determined excludes people living in institutional group quarters, college dormitories, military barracks, non-conventional housing, as well as unrelated individuals under the age of 15.
American Community Survey (ACS) vs. Small Area Income and Poverty Estimate (SAIPE) Annual locality level income and poverty estimates are available through two different Census sources: the American Community Survey (ACS) and the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimate (SAIPE). Other public sources may report income or poverty data elements using ACS, SAIPE, or a combination of ACS and SAIPE; however, to maintain consistency throughout this dashboard, income and poverty data displayed comes only from the ACS.
Rural and Non-Rural Designations and Calculation Virginia counties/cities that are not designated as part of Office of Management and Budget Metropolitan Areas (MAs) are considered rural. For more information about rural and non-rural designations, visit the VDH website. Percent of population living in poverty in rural/non-rural areas is calculated using the 2019 5-year ACS population for whom the poverty status can be determined.
Margin of Error: US Census Bureau 2019 5-year American Community Survey Data American Community Survey (ACS) estimates are based on a sample and are subject to sampling error, meaning that the true value is expected to be within a range. For simplicity and in accord with how Census data is presented elsewhere, only the estimate is presented and not the range of possible values. For more information on the ranges, see the ACS Methodology.
Margin of Error for Race/Ethnicity Data: US Census Bureau 2019 5-year American Community Survey Data Data is only displayed for Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, and White races/ethnicities. Data for American Indian/Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and other races/ethnicities is not included due to high margins of error from small survey sample populations for these groups. As a result, data for these races/ethnicities cannot be displayed with confidence in their accuracy. These groups are not excluded for lack of importance. For more information about additional races/ethnicities, visit the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey.
Methodology: US Census Bureau 2019 5-year American Community Survey Data The following links provide additional information to better understand the US Census Bureau 2019 5-year American Community Survey data: