Legionellosis is caused by bacteria called Legionella. The disease has two different forms. Legionnaires’ disease is the more severe form of infection that causes pneumonia. Pontiac fever is caused by the same bacteria, but is a milder illness without pneumonia. The disease got its name after a group of people attending a convention of the American Legion in Philadelphia in 1976 developed pneumonia. Although the Legionella bacteria were around before 1976, scientists had never been able to find these bacteria in an ill person’s lungs before that time.
Reports of legionellosis cases and outbreaks are increasing in the United States and in Virginia. Legionellosis is caused by breathing in small water droplets containing Legionella bacteria. Outbreaks are commonly associated with buildings or structures that have complex water systems, such as hotels and resorts, long-term care facilities, hospitals, and cruise ships.
Antibiotics are used to treat Legionnaires’ disease. There is no vaccine to prevent legionellosis, but the presence of Legionella bacteria can be reduced by properly maintaining water systems where the bacteria grow (such as heating, cooling, and plumbing systems).
Chesterfield County Situation
The Chesterfield Health District (CHD) investigation of an increase in cases of Legionnaires' disease associated with the northeast quadrant of Chesterfield County is ongoing. As of August 8, 2019, there have been 11 confirmed cases among older adults and people with certain medical conditions since May 1, 2019.
Testing Sites and Legionella Environmental Testing Results - last uploaded August 15, 2019
Because Legionella is commonly identified in building water systems and devices that are not adequately maintained, it is not unexpected that multiple positive sites have been identified in this investigation. Whether or not a definitive link can be made between an individual case and a specific exposure source, when Legionella is identified, it is essential to implement plans to remediate these sources and ensure proper maintenance moving forward.
These data will be updated weekly every Thursday.