Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease)

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and often deadly illness caused by the Ebola virus. It most commonly affects people and nonhuman primates, such as monkeys, chimpanzees, and gorillas. The Ebola virus can spread from person to person through direct contact with blood or body fluids (urine, feces, saliva, sweat, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with or has died from EVD. This can happen when a person touches the infected body fluids or objects that have come into contact with those body fluids, such as medical equipment, needles, and syringes. The virus enters the body through broken skin or the eyes, nose, or mouth.

On September 20, 2022, the Uganda Ministry of Health announced that there was an outbreak of Ebola caused by the Sudan virus. The outbreak was declared over on January 11, 2023. Public health officials continue to monitor for Ebola outbreaks. Please visit CDC’s Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) Outbreaks website for a list of any current or past outbreaks. 

A list of Ebola resources for the public and healthcare providers can be found below.

Last updated: April 26, 2023