Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease)

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and often deadly illness caused by the Ebola virus. It most commonly affects people and nonhuman primates, such as monkeys, chimpanzees, and gorillas The Ebola virus can spread from person to person through direct contact with blood or body fluids (urine, feces, saliva, sweat, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with or has died from EVD. This can happen when a person touches the infected body fluids or objects that have come into contact with those body fluids, such as medical equipment, needles, and syringes. The virus enters the body through broken skin or through the eyes, nose, or mouth.

On September 20, 2022, an outbreak of Ebola caused by the Sudan virus was declared in Uganda. To date, no cases have been reported in the United States. The World Health Organization (WHO) assesses the overall global risk as low. People are much more likely to get COVID-19, the flu, or a cold.

The risk for EVD in the United States is low. Still, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) are taking steps to prepare.  

  • On October 4, 2022, CDC issued a Level 2 travel warning to avoid all nonessential travel to affected areas in Uganda.
  • Starting the week of October 10, 2022, all airline travelers entering the United States who were in Uganda in the previous 21 days will be funneled into these five U.S. airports: Washington-Dulles, New York’s John F. Kennedy International, Newark International, Chicago O’Hare, and Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson. Travelers will be checked for symptoms and high-risk exposures  Passengers who are ill will be sent for medical care. 
  • Also starting the week of October 10, 2022, VDH staff will assess travelers arriving in Virginia who were in Uganda in the previous 21 days. VDH will monitor those travelers for the 21 days after leaving Uganda.  VDH will refer travelers who develop EVD-related symptoms during the monitoring period for appropriate medical care.

CDC continues to monitor for any emerging Ebola outbreaks. Please visit CDC’s Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) Outbreaks website for a list of any current or past outbreaks.

A list of Ebola resources for the public and for healthcare providers can be found below.

Last updated: October 31, 2022