Environmental Exposure Assessments

The Public Health Toxicology Program in the Virginia Department of Health’s Office of Environmental Health Services, works with communities and various state and federal agency officials to determine if contaminants in the environment are a health hazard. Some of our assessments include determining the amount of volatile organic compounds in the air, the amount of lead contamination in soil, the level of tetrachloroethylene (PCE) in groundwater, or the amount of mercury in the biota of a body of water. If we determine that an existing health threat exists, the community is informed immediately and recommendations are provided to eliminate or reduce the hazard. Frequently, the Toxicology Program is asked to provide a written report that summarizes any potential health hazards, how individuals may be exposed, and recommendations to the public.  Search the table below to find reports written from 2002 to the present.

Toxicology Staff

Dwight Flammia, Ph. D. – Public Health Toxicologist
dwight.flammia@vdh.virginia.gov 804 864-8127

Amy Hayes, Ph. D. – Health Assessor
amy.hayes@vdh.virginia.gov 804-864-8187

Rachel Ellick, M.S. – Health Assessor
rachel.ellick@vdh.virginia.gov 804-864-8194

Staff Roles

Toxicologist – The toxicologist identifies potential health hazards in communities and determines what harmful effects will occur under certain exposure circumstances.  The toxicologist makes recommendations to abate or reduce any exposure.

Health Assessor – A health assessor is responsible for investigating possible human exposures to toxic and hazardous substances and assessing the public health implications of such exposures. The health assessor evaluates data and makes recommendations to protect public health, and to prevent ongoing and future exposures and resultant health effects.

Exposure Assessment from 2002-present

Locality Contaminants Environmental Media Site Name Document Year
Richmond city methane, mold, naphthalene, formaldehyde indoor air A.V. Norrell Elementary School http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Richmond_Norrell-Elementary-LHC-01-17-2013.pdf 2013
Alexandria city metals dust Alexandria City Public Schools-Maintenance Garage http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Alexandria-City-Public-Schools-Maintenance-Garage-8.8.2014.pdf 2014
Smith County PM10 outdoor air American Wood Fibers http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/American-Wood-Fibers_LHC_01-10-2013.pdf 2013
Fairfax County http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/FAQ-Tetrachloroethylene-2018.pdf indoor air Annandale PCE http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Annandale_PCE_Site_LHC-_07-01-2014.pdf 2014
Arlington http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/FAQ-Tetrachloroethylene-2018.pdf indoor air Arlington Cleaners http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/Fairlington-Cleaners-03-03-2017.pdf 2017
Arlington http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/FAQ-Tetrachloroethylene-2018.pdf indoor air Arlington Cleaners http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/Fairlington-Cleaners-LHC-02-07-18.pdf 2018
Westmoreland County http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/02/Trichloroethylene.FAQ2014.pdf indoor air Arrowhead Manufacturing Building http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Arrowhead-_-LHC-_-01-30-2013-pdf.pdf 2013
Portsmouth city arsenic, PCBs, Dioxin, dieldrin, PAHs, crabs, oysters Atlantic Wood Industries http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Atlantic-Wood-Industries-6.6.2008.pdf 2008
Arlington diesel exhaust air Bluemont Park http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/Bluemont-Park-LHC-response-2-8-2018.pdf 2018
Hampton city PCE, TCE, vinyl chloride groundwater Boulevard Cleaners http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Hampton_Boulevard-Cleaners-_10-26-2012.pdf 2012
Hannover County uranium well water Calvary Pentecostal Camp http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Ashland_Calvary_pentecostal_camp_08_15_2013.pdf 2013
Bedford County VOCs drinking water Chamblissburg http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/LHC-Chamblissburg-groundwater-09-21-2017.pdf 2017
Chesapeake city Arsenic, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Benzo(a)pyrene soil Chesapeake Products http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Chesapeake-Products-Site-11.27.2006.pdf 2006
Winchester city VOCs, carbonyls, toxic metals, hexavalent chromium air City of Winchester & Frederick County http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/Winchester_4.3.pdf 2015
Wise County lead soil Coeburn Produce Disposal http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Coeburn-Produce-Disposal-10.9.2003.pdf 2003
Fairfax County VOCs, SVOCs, PM10, metals air Crumb Rubber http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/Crumb-Rubber-Methods-Review-LHC-09-28-2015.pdf 2015
Danville city http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/FAQ-PCBs-2018.pdf fish Dan River http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/Dan-River-Fish-Tissue-PCBs-LHC-03-23-2016.pdf 2016
Danville city heavy metals fish Dan River http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/dan-river-fish-metals-LHC-final-draft-03-10-2017-3.pdf 2017
Danville city heavy metals fish Dan River http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/dan-river-fish-metals-LHC-update-Aug-2017.pdf 2017
Danville city http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/FAQ-PCBs-2018.pdf fish Dan River http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/Dan-River-2016-Fish-PCB-LHC-01-25-2018.pdf 2018
Danville city heavy metals fish Dan River http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2019/05/Dan-River-fish-metals-2014-2017-LHC-05-10-19.pdf 2019
Chesterfield County environmental contaminants surface water Defense Supply Center Richmond http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Defense-General-Supply-Center-6.10.2002-1.pdf 2002
Chesterfield County environmental contaminants surface water Defense Supply Center Richmond http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Defense-General-Supply-Center-4.4.2002-7.pdf 2002
Henrico County VOCs indoor air http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/DEQPiedemontIndoorAir-LHC.pdf 2014
Pulaski County VOCs groundwater Electroplate-Rite Corporation http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Dublin_Electroplate-Rite_LHCfinal_-09-23-2015_508.pdf 2015
Hampton city http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/FAQ-Tetrachloroethylene-2018.pdf groundwater Former Fashion Care Cleaners http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Hampton_Former-Fashion-Care-Cleaners_08-21-2012.pdf 2012
Suffolk city metals, dieldrin, PAHs, TNT, soil, groundwater, surface water, sediments, fish Former Nansemond Ordnance Depot http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Former-Nansemond-Ordnance-Depot-2.19.2004.pdf 2004
Franklin County fuel groundwater Grassy Hill Road http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/Grassy-Hill-Rd-Johnstown-Rd-Contaminants-in-Well-Water.pdf 2018
Albemarle County VOCs groundwater Greenwood Chemical http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/Greenwood-Chemical-LHC-10-31-2017.pdf 2017
Hanover County cancer assessment air H&H Burn Pit http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/HanoverCounty_HH-BurnPit_03-02-2016.pdf 2016
Loudoun County VOCs water Hidden Lane Landfill http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Hidden-Lane-Landfill-4.6.2009.pdf 2009
Loudoun County arsenic drinking water Hidden Lane Landfill http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/Hidden-Lane-Landfill-11-23-2016.pdf 2016
Loudoun County arsenic drinking water Hidden Lane Landfill http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/Arsenic-limits-LHC-022317-Final-draft.pdf 2017
Alexandria city http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/FAQ-Asbestos-2018.pdf indoor air Hunting Point on Potomac Apartment Complex http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/Hunting-Point-_-LHC-final-_-12-4-2104_508.pdf 2014
Alexandria city http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/FAQ-Asbestos-2018.pdf indoor air Hunting Point on Potomac Apartment Complex http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/Hunting-Point-on-Potomac-Residential-Asbestos-4.21.2014.pdf 2014
Clarke County gasoline well water J&J Corner Store http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Berryville_JJ_Corner_Store_3_3_2012.pdf 2012
Alleghany County metals, organic compounds groundwater, surface water, soil Kim-Stan Landfill http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Alleghany_Kim-Stan-_02-18-2016.pdf 2016
Norfolk City PAHs oysters Lafayette River PAHs http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Norfolk_Lafayette-River-PAHs_10-11-2012.pdf 2012
Norfolk City http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/FAQ-PCBs-2018.pdf oysters Lafayette River PCBs http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Norfolk_Lafayette-River-PCBs_10.30.2012.pdf 2014
Norfolk City PM10 air Lambert's Point http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/Lamberts-point-PM10-LHC-7-19-2017-FINAL.pdf 2017
Virginia Beach city PAHs oysters Lynnhaven River http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/VirginiaBeach_Lynnhaven-River1.14.2014pdf.pdf 2014
Rockingham County Chloramine, Endotoxin air Massanutten Waterpark http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/LHC-Massanutten-WaterPark_final.pdf 2017
Virginia Beach city metals, PCBs, VOCs fish, crab Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/Naval-Amphibious-Base-Little-Creek-9.25.2003-Part-1.pdf 2003
Virginia Beach city metals, PCBs, VOCs fish, crab Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/Naval-Amphibious-Base-Little-Creek-9.25.2003-Part-2..pdf 2003
King George County fuel, oils, solvents, acids, paint, pesticides, ammunitions, ordinance and explosive materials. fish, water, soil Naval Support Facility (NSF) Dahlgren http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Naval-Support-Facility-NSF-Dahlgren-10.11.2006.pdf 2006
New Kent County chromium, copper, arsenic groundwater New Kent Wood Preservatives http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/ProvidenceForge_New-Kent_-06-16-2015.pdf 2015
New Kent County chromium, copper, arsenic soil New Kent Wood Preservatives http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/ProvidenceForge_New-Kent-Soil_-03-02-2016.pdf 2016
Prince William County pesticides, metals, PCBs fish Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/Woodbridge_OBNWR-fish-tissue-10.30.2014.pdf 2014
Portsmouth city metals, PCBs soil, sediment Peck Iron and Metal http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Peck-Iron-and-Metal-12.12.2011.pdf 2011
Pittsylvania County Uranium, radium drinking water Pittsylvania Well Water http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/PittsylvaniaWellWaterLHC4.16.2014.pdf 2014
Portsmouth city VOCs, SVOCs, petroleum hydrocarbons, mercury vapor, metals, cyanide soil, groundwater, air Portsmouth Manufactured Gas Plant http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Portsmouth-Manufactured-Gas-Plant-4.24.2003.pdf 2003
Wise County lead, PCBs soil Powell Lead http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/Powell-Lead-Site_LHC_08-31-2016.pdf 2016
Pulaski County lead Radford Army Ammunition Plant http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/New-River-Childhood-Blood-Lead_VA_LHC-07-1-2014.pdf 2014
Pulaski County lead drinking water Radford Army Ammunition Plant http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/Radford-Army-Ammunition-Plant_HC_Final_01-28-2015.pdf 2015
Richmond County http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/FAQ-PCBs-2018.pdf fish Rappahannock, James, and Potomac Rivers http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/08/Rappahannock-James-Potomac-Fish-Tissue-LHC-1-25-2018.pdf 2018
Multiple Counties heavy metals fish Rappahannock, James, and Potomac Rivers http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2019/05/2017-Multiple-Waterways-Metals-Fish-Tissue-LHC-05-10-2019.pdf 2019
Multiple Counties PCBs fish Rappahannock, James, and Potomac Rivers http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2019/05/2017-Multiple-Waterways-PCBs-Fish-Tissue-LHC-05-21-2019.pdf 2019
Suffolk city methyl bromide air Royal Fumigation http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Suffolk_Royal-Fumigation_09-24-2012.pdf 2012
Henrico County PCE, TCE indoor air Sandston PCE http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/Henrico_Sandston_9-30-2015-revised.pdf 2015
Tazewell County metals, VOCs, PAHs soil, sediment, surface water Simmons Rand Property http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/01/Richlands_Simmons_Rand_PHA_1-14-14.pdf 2014
Suffolk city methyl bromide air Western Fumigation http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Suffolk_Western-Fumigation-_-LHC-VA_-07-31-2012.pdf 2012
Hopewell city VOCs outdoor air Woodson Middle School http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Hopewell_WoodsonMiddleSchool-VOCs-11-23-2015.pdf 2015
Hopewell city metals, carbonyls outdoor air Woodson Middle School http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2016/04/Hopewell_WoodsonMiddleSchool-Metals_Carbonyls-02-04-2016.pdf 2015
Portsmouth city lead soil Abex Corporation http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/10/Portsmouth-City-Lead-Analysis-LHC-09-07-2018.pdf 2018
Chesapeake arsenic fish, shellfish Chesapeake Energy http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/10/Chesapeake-Energy-Biota-Report-LHC-06-13-2018-FINAL.pdf 2018
Pulaski County lead air Radford Army Ammunition Plant http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/12/2018/12/ATSDRLetterHC_12-13-18_RadfordAAP.pdf 2018