- What diseases must be reported to the health department
- Who is required to report
- How the report should be submitted
Certain diseases and conditions are reported to local health departments so that steps can be taken to prevent others from becoming ill. These steps might include messaging to raise public awareness, pulling a contaminated item from stores, or offering preventive treatments to people who have been exposed. All of these interventions help us protect the public’s health.
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Cases of disease have been reported to the Virginia Department of Health since the early part of the 20th century. Since 1919, the Code of Virginia has required the State Board of Health to determine a list of diseases that shall be required to be reported. Additional information about disease reporting in Virginia is below.
Virginia Reportable Disease List
Reporting of the following diseases is required by state law (Sections 32.1-36 and 32.1-37 of the Code of Virginia and 12 VAC 5-90-80 of the Board of Health Regulations for Disease Reporting and Control). Report all conditions when suspected or confirmed to your local health department (LHD). Reports may be submitted by Confidential Morbidity Report Portal (Epi-1 form), computer-generated printout, CDC or VDH surveillance form, or upon agreement with VDH, by means of secure electronic submission.
Out-of-State Disease Reporting
Immediately report unusual or emerging conditions of public health concern.
Unusual or emerging conditions of public health concern shall be reported to the local health department immediately by the most rapid means available, preferably by telephone.
In addition, the Commissioner or the Commissioner’s designee may establish surveillance systems for diseases or conditions that are not on the list of reportable diseases. Such surveillance may be established to identify and count cases, identify the mode(s) of transmission and risk factors for the disease, and implement appropriate actions to protect public health.
- COVID-19: test results must be submitted through electronic lab reporting (ELR) or the COVID-19 Point of Care (POC) Testing Result Portal
- HIV, other STIs, and Hepatitis: please refer to the Division of Disease Prevention's Disease Reporting Page for Medical Providers
- Carbapenemase-producing organisms (CPOs): please refer to the ‘Reporting Requirements’ tab on the CPO webpage
Communicable Diseases of Public Health Significance or Public Health Threat
Communicable diseases deemed to be conditions of public health significance or public health threat have special considerations within the Code of Virginia pertaining to public health actions to prevent further disease spread.