Vaccination

VDH is updating webpages with the term "mpox"

VDH is updating webpages with the term "mpox" to reduce stigma and other issues associated with prior terminology. This change is aligned with the recent World Health Organization decision.

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For Those at High Risk, Get Vaccinated!

The mpox vaccine is recommended for individuals who have been exposed, or are at high risk of exposure to the mpox virus. If either of these situations applies to you, contact your local health department to see if you are eligible for vaccination and to find where it is available.
 
Request Mpox Vaccination Record

Mpox Vaccination Eligibility

VDH recommends vaccination for people who have been exposed to mpox and people who may be more likely to get mpox.

Am I eligible for the mpox vaccine?

Those who are currently sick with mpox or have recovered from mpox do not need to be vaccinated.

Vaccination is not a treatment for mpox. If you are sick with mpox, contact your healthcare provider to discuss treatment options.

For more information about treatments visit the CDC’s website.

In Virginia, JYNNEOS is recommended and available for individuals who identify with any of the groups listed below. However, some people who are at higher risk of exposure to mpox may be eligible for a vaccine even if they don't fit into one of these categories. Talk to your healthcare provider to decide if you should receive a vaccine.

  • Those who, within the past 14 days, have had an intermediate to high risk exposure to a known and documented mpox case
  • Those with certain risk factors and recent experiences that might make them more likely to have been recently exposed to mpox:
    • Person (of any sexual orientation or gender) who has had anonymous or multiple (more than 1) sexual partners in the last 2 weeks
    • Person (of any sexual orientation or gender) diagnosed with any sexually transmitted infection in the past 3 months
    • Person (of any sexual orientation or gender) who is living with HIV/AIDS*
    • Staff (of any sexual orientation or gender) at establishments or events where sexual activity occurs
    • Sex workers (of any sexual orientation or gender)
  • Those whose jobs may expose them to orthopoxviruses, such as mpox; examples include:
    • Healthcare providers who are administering ACAM2000
    • Laboratorians handling mpox specimens

*Some people are at a high risk of becoming severely ill from mpox based on preexisting conditions, such as those living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released information about the increased frequency of mpox infection occurring in those living with HIV/AIDS. 

About the Mpox Vaccine

What vaccination will I receive?

For more information about what to expect when receiving the JYNNEOS vaccine, visit the CDC’s website.

How do I prepare for my vaccination?

If you are eligible to get the vaccine, you may receive the vaccine intradermally, in the skin in your forearm. 

People of any age with a history of developing keloid scars and individuals younger than 18 years of age should receive the vaccine via the subcutaneous route. Patients with concerns about intradermal administration due to potential stigma or other personal reasons should be offered subcutaneous doses. 

Like any vaccination, you will likely have to fill out paperwork when you schedule your appointment or when you arrive to get your vaccine.

It is usually also helpful to wear loose-fitting clothing and to make sure that the vaccine site is easy to access. You may be asked to wait 15 minutes after you receive the vaccine to be observed for reactions.

You may be able to also receive your COVID-19 booster or flu shot at the same visit. Ask your healthcare provider which vaccines are available and recommended for you. In some cases, a COVID-19 vaccine may be delayed by 4 weeks if the JYNNEOS vaccine is given first. For more information, read the CDC Interim Considerations.

There is no cost to receive the vaccine, regardless of insurance status.

What do I do after I’ve received the vaccine?

It is important to get both doses of vaccine for the best protection against mpox. Even if it has been longer than 28 days since you received the first dose, it is not too late to get the second dose. You do not have to restart the vaccination series.

You should still continue to take precautions after vaccination.

The JYNNEOS vaccine is given in two-doses with 28 days between doses. You are considered protected 14 days after your second dose (about 6 weeks after your first dose). You should continue to take precautions against mpox between doses.

We don’t know if JYNNEOS will fully protect against mpox virus infection in this outbreak, so infections may occur even if you are vaccinated. If you want to reduce your risk, keep taking preventative measures after being vaccinated.

For more information about mpox vaccines and other prevention measures, please visit the CDC Prevention website.

The CDC now offers v-safe, a smartphone-based tool that checks in on you after your vaccination. It is free, personalized, and confidential. V-safe first launched in 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic as an innovative vaccine safety monitoring system to gather post-COVID-19 vaccination information from enrolled participants. The v-safe system now offers personalized health check-ins for those receiving mpox vaccine. Participants will need to enroll for v-safe mpox even if they previously enrolled and participated in v-safe for COVID-19, and they can participate in v-safe after their second dose of mpox vaccine, even if they did not participate after their first dose. You can sign up for this free service by visiting the v-safe website.

Last updated: December 2, 2022

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