Influenza (Flu) in Virginia

What’s New With Flu

  • The Virginia Healthcare Associated Infections Advisory Group strongly recommends that all healthcare workers in Virginia receive an annual influenza vaccination. For more information, please see our consensus statement.
  • CDC and VDH recommend that everyone 6 months of age or older receive a flu vaccination each year, especially those who are at high risk of serious complications from the flu. For more information on vaccination, click here.
    • The nasal spray flu vaccine, commonly known as “Flu Mist”, is once again available for the 2018-19 season. For more information, click here.
  • Are you interested in tracking your flu symptoms online and seeing how the flu is progressing where you live? Join thousands of other volunteers across the nation in monitoring the flu by registering at You are an important part in the process!
Flu Basics

Flu Basics: learn about symptoms, how flu is spread, and who’s at risk

flu prevention

Flu Prevention: learn about how to protect yourself and others from getting the flu

flu vaccination

Flu Vaccination: find a flu shot location and learn more about vaccines and who should get vaccinated

Flu Surveillance

Flu Surveillance: access the latest data on flu in Virginia and the United States

Novel, Variant, and Pandemic Influenza

Novel, Variant, and Pandemic Influenza: learn more about flu strains such as H3N2v and H7N9 and how Virginia is prepared to respond to the next worldwide flu outbreak

Healthcare Professionals

Healthcare Professionals: find resources for healthcare professionals and facilities, including those providing residential care

Businesses, Schools, and Other Settings

Businesses, Schools, and Other Settings: find information for schools, child care facilities, businesses, and other settings


Flu Near You: join others with reporting symptoms and tracking flu-like illness in your community

Influenza (or “the flu”) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by a virus that affects the nose, throat, and lungs. Influenza spreads mainly from person to person by droplets from the nose or throat that are released when an infected person coughs or sneezes. There are many things that people can do to prevent themselves or their loved ones from getting or spreading the flu.

Some facts about influenza:

      • An estimated 19 million influenza illnesses occur in the United States each year. From 2005-2011, influenza vaccination was estimated to prevent 13.6 million illnesses, 5.8 million medical visits, and nearly 113,000 influenza-related hospitalizations (Kostova et al., 2013).
      • Annually over 200,000 people in the United States are hospitalized because of the flu. People at highest risk for flu-related complications include children younger than 5 years (especially those younger than 2 years old), adults 65 years of age and older, pregnant women, and people who have certain medical conditions such as asthma, heart disease, chronic lung disease, kidney disease, or weakened immune systems due to disease or medication.
      • Each year, thousands of people in the U.S. die because of the flu (Thompson MG et al., 2010). Most of the flu-associated deaths occur in adults 65 years of age and older. More people die from complications from the flu than from any other vaccine-preventable disease.


    • Kostova D, Reed C, Finelli L, et al. Influenza illness and hospitalizations averted by influenza vaccination in the United States, 2005-2011. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(6): e66312.
    • Thompson MG, et al. Updated estimates of mortality associated with seasonal influenza through the 2006-2007 influenza season. MMWR. 2010;59(33): 1057-1062.