PFAS in Private Well Water


Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) represent unique challenges to private well owners. While public water supplies must be tested and treated to EPA standards prior to delivery to individual homes and businesses, private well water quality testing, like well maintenance, is entirely the responsibility of the well owner. To assist private well owners, VDH has always provided general guidance on water quality testing, and we developed this page specifically to provide guidance with regard to potential PFAS in wells.

In the sections below you will find answers to questions frequently asked by private well owners.  A separate VDH page, "Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS)”, describes the sources of PFAS compounds, health effects, and VDH recommendations to reduce consumer exposure.