Agencies | Governor
Search Virginia.Gov
Protecting You and Your Environment Virginia Department of Health
Home | VDH Programs | Find It! A-Z Index | Newsroom | Administration | Jobs
   disclaimer

Sanitary Facilities Requirements


MARINA AND BOAT MOORING FACILITY PUMP-OUT AND DUMP STATION REQUIREMENTS

Pump-Out Facilities

Other places where boats are moored which allow overnight docking or mooring of boats and all marinas, regardless of size or number of boat moorings, shall provide pump-out facilities for pumping or removing sewage from boats. These pump-out facilities shall include all the equipment, structures and treatment or disposal facilities necessary to ultimately discharge or dispose of this boat sewage in an efficient and sanitary manner without causing an actual or potential public health hazard. Exempt from this requirement are marinas and other places where boats are moored which do not allow boats with an installed toilet with a discharge overboard or a sewage holding tank to use any of the services provided, including moorage, except in an emergency. In order to qualify for this exemption, the owner of such marina or other place where boats are moored shall provide the Division with a signed notarized statement that boats with installed toilets with overboard discharges or sewage holding tanks shall not be permitted to use the marina or other places facilities.

I.) Availability and operation. The owner shall make pump-out facilities available for removing sewage from boats to all users of the marina or other place where boats are moored during normal working hours. The pump-out equipment shall be maintained in a serviceable condition and located in an area convenient for utilization.

II.) Alternate pump-out service. Marinas and other places where boats are moored which provide less than 50 seasonal (or transient) slips for boats of 26 feet or more in length and less than 20 seasonal (or transient) slips for boats of 40 feet or more in length may be exempted from the requirement to install pump-out facilities. Such exemption will be granted by the director of the division whenever alternate pump-out service is provided at a nearby marina or other place where boats are moored, and is evidenced by an agreement signed and notarized by both parties in accordance with the requirements of this section, and filed with the division. Such alternate pump-out service will only be approved by the division when the following criteria are met:

1.) That the alternate pump-out service will not require more than 20 minutes to complete from the time a boater has the boat ready to receive the service and has previously requested to have the boat sewage holding tank pumped. The pump-out service for holding tanks of 50-gallon capacity or more (sewage holding) may exceed twenty minutes;

2.) That the alternate pump-out service shall be located within three miles, as measured along the water route, of the facility using the agreement unless the alternate pump-out service is located along the normal travel route to open water, in which case the facility using the agreement shall be within five miles of the alternate pump-out service;

3.) That the alternate pump-out service capacity is sufficient to handle the demand for pump-out service, in accordance with acceptable design information, that is expected for all of the marinas or other places where boats are moored entering into the above-mentioned agreement;

4.) That a notice shall be posted in a conspicuous location, at the marina or other place where boats are moored not installing pump-out service, that specifies the location of the alternate pump-out service; and

5.) The terms of the agreement provide:

a.) That the alternate pump-out service will be available to all boats moored at each facility and it will state that the alternate pump-out facility will furnish pump-out services to anybody referred to it by the establishment using the agreement to provide pump-out service, as specified by the Marina Regulations(12 VAC 5-570); and

b.) That the agreement will be valid for one year and will be automatically renewable on the anniversary date, unless either party gives at least a 60-day termination notice to the other and to the director of the division prior to the renewal date.

6.) If a termination notice is issued to a facility using an agreement to provide alternate pump-out service, in accordance with 12 VAC 5-571-180 B, then that facility shall either provide pump-out service or obtain a new written agreement, in accordance with 12 VAC 5-571-180 B, by the effective date of the termination of alternate pump-out service.

III. Minimum design criteria for pump-out facilities. The purpose of these minimum design criteria is to provide the owner and the Department of Health with acceptable methods for pumping, storing and conveying the contents from boat holding tanks. The owner shall furnish the following information to the Division for evaluation and approval for each proposed pump- out facility:

1.) Pumping equipment. Pump equipment may be fixed or portable; however, this equipment shall be conveniently located for usage and clearly identified or placarded by signs or other notices, indicating any fees, restrictions or other operating instructions, as necessary. A minimum pump capacity of 10 gpm is acceptable at the operating head required to transport the flow to the proper collection or treatment location with such residual head as may be required; however, at marinas with 51 or more slips, greater pumping capacity may be required. Pumps shall be of a macerator type or have sufficient size suction and discharge openings to prevent clogging. Manually operated pumps are not permitted. Pump data from the manufacturer shall include:

a.) The type of pump (diaphragm or centrifugal, and power);
b.) Rated capacity (gpm, hp. and head);
c.) Motor type (electric or gas); and
d.) Suction and discharge opening size.

2.) Location schematic. If fixed pump-out equipment is proposed, a schematic of the location with elevations for subsections a, b, c, d and e, as described below, shall be included, or if portable pump-out equipment is proposed, a schematic shall indicate elevations for subsections a, c, f and g, as described below:

a.) Mean low water level;
b.) Elevation of dock;
c.) Greatest elevation of suction center line of pump;
d.) Elevation of discharge point;
e.) Highest point in discharge line;
f.) Type of dock (floating or stationary); and
g.) Greatest elevation of any dock. All elevations shall be measured with respect to mean low water. If the elevation of mean low water is not known, assume it to be zero.

3.) Fittings and hose (piping). Fittings and hoses (piping) which are used in operation of a pump-out facility shall meet the following:

a.) Suction hose.

1.) A friction nozzle (right angle preferred) or wand-type attachment is to be provided on the end of the suction hose. Adapters shall be provided to fit any discharge connection from 1.5 to 4 inches in diameter.

2.) A check valve shall be provided on the suction hose at the nozzle.

3.) The hose shall be made of flexible, heavy-duty material that will be noncollapsing and nonkinking. The length of this line shall be determined on an individual case basis.

4.) If the suction line is to be installed in such a manner that sewage would discharge from the line when the pump is removed for service, a gate valve shall be provided on the pump end of the suction line.

b.) Discharge hose and piping.

1.) The discharge hose or piping shall be equipped with watertight, permanent or positive locking type fittings and connections.

2.) Where flexible discharge hose is used, the hose shall be made of heavy-duty material and be nonkinking and noncollapsing.

c.) Discharge line.

1.) A gate valve shall be provided on the discharge line at the pump;

2.) Suitable connections on the end of the discharge line shall be provided to prevent it from coming loose during discharge; all nozzles and fittings are to be positive locking, male and female.

3.) The discharge line must not be subject to freezing or leaking into the water course.

4.) Sewer lines on piers shall be located below water distribution lines. Water and sewer line separation and sewer line, and water source separation requirements are set forth in the Waterworks Regulations (12 VAC 5-590-10 et seq.) and the Sewage Handling and Disposal Regulations (12 VAC 5-610-10 et seq.).

5.) The discharge line connection to the pump-out receiving facility shall be fixed in place in such a manner as to prevent it from coming loose during discharge.

d.) Pump-out facilities shall include equipment for rinsing the boats' holding tanks. Where potable water will be used for rinsing the holding tank, a backflow prevention device shall be installed on the water service line. A minimum of a hose bib type vacuum breaker shall be provided.

4.) Other devices or methods of removal. Other devices or methods of removal of contents from boat holding tanks may be approved by the Division on an individual case basis.

Sewage Dump Stations

I.) All marinas and other places where boats are moored, regardless of size or number of boat moorings and boat ramps, shall have an acceptable receiving station for sewage from portable toilets used on boats. The owner shall install, maintain in good operating condition and provide placards or signs identifying, the sewage dump station to users of the marina or other places where boats are moored. Exempt from this provision are marinas, or other places where boats are moored, or boat ramps, which also qualify for the 12 VAC 5-571-120 B or C exemption, provided the owner of the sanitary facility will allow the dumping of the contents of portable toilets into the sanitary facilities.

II.) Availability and operation. Where a sewage dump station is required, the owner shall install, maintain in good operating condition and provide the facilities to users of the marina, or other places where boats are moored, or boat ramps. The dump station shall be located in an area convenient for utilization.

III.) Minimum design criteria for a sewage dump station. The purpose of these minimum design criteria is to provide the owner and the Department of Health with acceptable methods of discharging sewage from a portable container into a sewage holding tank or a sewage treatment system. The same criteria as set forth in 12 VAC 5-571-180 C.3 for contents from boat holding tanks will apply for sewage dump stations. The sewage dump station receiving unit shall be a minimum of 12 inches in diameter and be equipped with a cover that has a lip of sufficient size to prevent it from accidentally being removed. If the unit is designed to drain, the drain shall be a minimum of four inches in diameter and equipped with a fly tight cover.


Last Updated: 07-30-2011

Printable Version

E-mail This Page