Foodborne Diseases

Disease Fact Sheets

Foodborne diseases usually cause gastrointestinal illness, meaning they affect your stomach or bowel. Typical signs and symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. Foodborne diseases are caused by various “bad bugs”, otherwise referred to as pathogens.  Included among the types of different pathogens are bacteria, viruses and parasites.  Below is a list of  foodborne diseases, divided by pathogen type:

 Bacteria:  Viruses: 
 Botulism  Hepatitis A
 Campylobacteriosis  Norovirus 
 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)  Parasites:
 Listeriosis  Amebiasis (Amebic Dysentery)
 Salmonellosis  Cryptosporidiosis
 Shigellosis  Cyclosporiasis
 Typhoid Infection  Giardiasis
 Vibriosis  Trichinellosis (Trichinosis)

Foodborne Disease Data

The VDH Office of Epidemiology’s Division of Surveillance and Investigation compiles monthly morbidity and annual reports for all reportable conditions, including those that are foodborne, in Virginia. Visit the Virginia Reportable Disease Surveillance Data website to view these reports.

Foodborne Disease Outbreaks

What is a foodborne disease outbreak?

National Foodborne Disease Outbreak Information

For national foodborne outbreak data, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS) Dashboard. Visit the CDC Foodborne Outbreaks website for more information on national outbreak investigations.