Are you ready for winter weather? Take this time to prepare before a winter emergency hits to reduce the risk of weather-related health problems and injuries. Learn more about preparing yourself and loved ones for winter weather here.
When emergencies like hurricanes hit Virginia, there are ways you can help. One way is by joining the Virginia Medical Reserve Corps (MRC). Virginia’s MRC is a force of dedicated volunteers who stand ready to support the community in the event of a public health emergency. Each of Virginia’s 27 local MRC units is comprised of teams of medical and public health professionals who, along with interested community members, volunteer their skills, expertise and time to support ongoing public health initiatives and assist during emergencies throughout Virginia. Learn more and sign up.
Super Bowl Sunday implies food, fun and football, but it can also bring a fourth ‘F’: foodborne illness. The good news is that this does not have to be the case. Follow these winning food safety plays and you will be ready to score a ‘win’ for food safety on game day:
- Have a good game-day warm-up by keeping things CLEAN. Before you eat or handle food, wash your hands, food prep tools and surfaces. Wash hands for 20 seconds with soap and warm water to avoid spreading bacteria to other surfaces. Also wash cutting boards, utensils and other surfaces before and after each use.
- SEPARATE raw meat and poultry from ready-to-eat foods to keep up a good defense. Be sure to use clean and different utensils for each dish.
- Avoid a false start- COOK to the correct temperature. Use a food thermometer to check that foods cook to the right temperature. This includes cooking to 165°F for chicken and 160°F for ground beef.
- Watch the clock to stay CHILL. Throw away perishable foods that sit at room temperature for more than two hours, or one hour if it’s 90°F or warmer. Also, take a timeout before halftime to check that food is out of the “danger zone” between 40°F to 140°F.
Follow these tips and you’ll be ready to score a touchdown for food safety!
For more information on general and Super Bowl food safety, visit the VDH Food Safety page and:
- CDC- Game Day Food Safety Tips
- FoodSafety.gov- Super Bowl
- USDA- Don’t Let the End Zone Become the Danger Zone: Your Guide to Hosting a Penalty Free Super Bowl Party
Cervical Cancer Awareness Month is an annual observance in January to raise awareness of cervical cancer prevention, causes, diagnoses, treatments and survivorships. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report more than 12,500 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer in 2014. Women between the ages of 21 – 65 should receive a routine cervical cancer screening with a Pap smear every 3 years; women ages 30 – 65 can also receive a Human Papillomavirus (HPV) test with their Pap smear every 5 years. HPV is a common virus that causes nearly all cervical cancers. Protect yourself and loved ones from cancerous types of HPV by getting the HPV vaccine; people between the ages of 9 – 26 old can receive the HPV vaccine. Keep yourself and your loved ones free from cervical cancer and HPV by talking with your doctor about getting a Pap smear and the HPV vaccine.
Food safety is important for keeping your holiday gathering happy and healthy. However, food safety can be a challenge during the holiday season. Group gatherings may include more dishes than there is room for in the refrigerator or oven. Guest lists may also include those who are more vulnerable to illness, such as older people, young children, and pregnant women.
Follow these tips for a food-safe, happy holiday season:
- It’s flu season! Wash your hands well to prevent the spread of germs, using soap and clean running water for at least 20 seconds. This will help prevent the spread of bacteria from raw poultry, too.
- Wash all fresh produce to reduce the potential for bacterial contamination.
- Don’t forget to also wash utensils and work surfaces to protect your food and family!
Let’s Talk Turkey
Follow the tips in the infographic (right) to make sure your turkey is both delicious and safe to serve.
Cooking for a large group?
- Prepare uncooked recipes before recipes that include raw meat. Also, store uncooked items out of the way while preparing meat dishes. These steps will help to reduce cross-contamination.
- Cook to the proper temperature, and use a thermometer!
- Remember the golden rule: Keep hot food hot and cold food cold! Use chafing dishes or crock pots and ice trays. Hot items should stay above 140 ˚F, and cold items should stay below 40 ˚F.
- Discard perishable foods left out for 2 hours or more. Plan to refrigerate any leftovers within 2 hours of preparation.
Follow these four tips from CDC to prevent food poisoning:
- Check inspections online for the restaurant you plan to go to. Restaurant inspection data for Virginia is available by health district here.
- Make sure that the restaurant is clean. If not, you may want to visit a different establishment.
- Check that your food is completely cooked. Send back any undercooked food, as it may contain harmful bacteria.
- Refrigerate leftovers within 4 hours of eating. Eat leftovers within 3 to 4 days from purchase.
FightBAC.org- Holiday Food Safety Resources (includes recipes and kids games and activities)
USDA- Seasonal Food Safety
If you get medications or health insurance through Virginia ADAP, call Benalytics at 1-855-483-4647 for help enrolling in a health care plan today! Benalytics is available Monday-Friday 8A-7P Eastern Time and on Saturdays 9A-1P Eastern Time. ACA open enrollment ends on December 15, 2017.
National Influenza Vaccination Week is a great time to make sure that you have had your flu shot this year and encourage your friends and family to get theirs. Getting a flu shot every year is the single best way to prevent the flu. It not only protects your health; it protects the health of those around you. Everyone age 6 months and older should get a flu shot.
Even if you got a flu shot last year, it’s still important to get one this year. The flu vaccine is updated every year to provide protection from the flu viruses that are likely to be circulating and causing disease. Also, your body’s level of immunity from a vaccine received last year will have declined.
You can find out where to get a flu shot in your area by
- Contacting your local health department
- Talking to your healthcare provider, or
- Using the vaccine locator to find a flu clinic near you.
Be familiar with the symptoms of flu and the people most at risk from flu complications, including young children, older adults, pregnant women and people with certain medical conditions. If you fall into one of those groups, make sure you get vaccinated promptly, and treated promptly if you do get the flu.
There are also simple steps you can take to help prevent the spread of flu:
- Always cover your cough and sneeze into your elbow
- Wash your hands
- Routinely clean and disinfect surfaces and objects that get touched a lot, such as door handles, countertops, and faucets.
- If you feel sick, stay home from work or school
World AIDS Day, observed each year on December 1, is an opportunity for people around the world to unite in the fight against HIV, show support for people living with HIV, and to remember those who died from HIV- or AIDS-related complications.
Knowing your HIV status is the first step in preventing HIV. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that everyone get tested at least once in their lifetime. If a person participates in high-risk behaviors, CDC recommends more frequent testing. Take a moment to read about HIV Risk and Prevention and consider taking an HIV test as part of your personal commitment to preventing HIV.
People who are HIV negative and people who are HIV positive can both take medications to prevent new HIV infections. Biomedical interventions (using medication to prevent HIV transmission) give us a real opportunity to end the HIV epidemic.
Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)—Prophylaxis means to prevent the spread of infection or disease. PrEP is a once-a-day pill that can prevent the transmission of HIV. Studies have shown that PrEP is over 90% effective in preventing HIV when taken every day. The CDC also recommends that people on PrEP continue to use condoms for extra protection and to prevent other sexually transmitted infections. For more information about PrEP, or to find a PrEP provider in your area, visit the Virginia Greater Than AIDS page.
Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)—PEP is used after a person has a potential exposure to HIV. PEP can be used after unprotected sex; a condom broke or after a sexual assault. Health care workers can also use PEP if they have an exposure at work. PEP is taken for 28 days and must be started within 72 hours of exposure. The sooner that PEP is started, the better the results are. For more information on PEP, check out the CDC PEP Fact Sheet, or call the Virginia Disease Prevention Hotline at 800-533-4148.
HIV Treatment—While there is no cure for HIV, taking HIV medications can improve health outcomes and help people living with HIV live a normal lifespan. CDC recently confirmed that when HIV medications result in viral suppression, HIV is not transmitted to other people through sex. Viral suppression is when an HIV-positive individual has less than 200 copies of the virus per milliliter of blood, or is undetectable. Undetectable is a term that means a person’s viral load is at such low levels that the virus may not be detected in their blood. Being undetectable is not a constant state and if a person stops taking their medications, their viral load will go back up again.
Across three different studies, including thousands of couples and many thousand acts of sex without a condom or PrEP, no HIV transmissions to an HIV-negative partner were observed when the HIV-positive person was virally suppressed. This means that people who take HIV medications daily as prescribed, and achieve and maintain an undetectable viral load, have effectively no risk of sexually transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner. The results of these studies are being promoted through U=U (Undetectable = Untransmittable) campaigns across the US to encourage both HIV testing and linkage to and retention in HIV medical care. Feel free to read more about HIV treatment as prevention.
Many have died from HIV- and AIDS-related complications, but with new scientific advances occurring every year, we can change the story of HIV in the United States and Virginia. Protect yourself and your loved ones by learning about HIV and how to prevent infection. Talk to your friends or loved ones about the importance of HIV testing and treatment. Together we can combat the stigma around and educate on HIV, helping to make Virginia the healthiest state in the nation.
The United Nations General Assembly designated November 25 as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. Women and girls around the world are subject to violence. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of Americans. IPV can be physical, sexual or psychological harm by a current or former partner. In Virginia, 71% of victims of intimate partner homicide were women. If you or someone you know is experiencing partner violence, get help:
- Virginia Family Violence & Sexual Assault Hotline: 1-800-838-8238
- The LGBTQ Partner Abuse and Sexual Assault Helpline: 1-800-356-6998