Environmental Health

Fees | Applications

environmentalhealthThe Environmental Health Department provides site evaluation for design and permitting of septic systems and wells. The environmental health staff assists in providing health education to the community with regards to safe food handling practices, lead, radon and other environmental concerns. Other duties include inspections of daycares, adult care facilities, school cafeterias, restaurants, bed and breakfasts, festival and fair vendors, campgrounds, summer camps, migrant labor camps, and marinas. We are also responsible for investigating West Nile Virus reports, animal bites and general environmental complaints. View the New River Health District’s restaurant inspections online


The Virginia Department of Health Onsite Sewage and Water Supply Program and the New River Health District provide a number of free services to the community including:

  1. plan reviews for local governments
  2. courtesy reviews of private sector work
  3. engineering plan reviews
  4. construction inspections of wells and sewage systems
  5. site and soil evaluations
  6. sanitary surveys
  7. designs of certain onsite sewage disposal systems
  8. complaint investigations
  9. reviews of private sector work

Additionally, there are no application fees for repair permits, and for owners, whose adjusted gross income is below the federal poverty guidelines, all services are free. The Virginia Department of Health and the New River Health District do charge fees for customers applying for Construction Permits of various types for Onsite Sewage Disposal Systems and Private Water Supplies as well as customer’s applying for Establishment Permits (i.e. Restaurants, Hotels, Bed and Breakfasts, Campgrounds and Summer Camps) and the Plan Review associated with a given establishment. For a schedule of fees for specific applications, please select a link below: Onsite Sewage Disposal Systems and/or Private Wells (by locality): Floyd County Giles County Montgomery County Pulaski County Radford City Establishment and Plan Review (for all localities in the NRHD): Plan review fees for hotels, bed & breakfasts, restaurants, summer camps, and campgrounds are $40 each and then an additional $40 for the permit fee. Thereafter, the annual permit fee for these establishments will also be $40 each


On-Site Sewage Disposal and Wells: Septic System Application – PDF format Instructions for Well & Septic Applicants – Microsoft Word format

Food Service Establishments: Food Service Permit Application Procedure and Submission of Plans

Mobile Food Establishments: Mobile Food Establishment Plan Review and Application Packet Mobile Food Establishment Guidelines

Temporary Food Events: Temporary Food Event Packet

Check the following links for additional information: Department of General Services – Certified Laboratories VA Tech Extension – Water Testing

Other Health Permits Migrant Labor Camp Application Hotel, Campground, Etc. Application

News of Interest


Emergency Regulations for Alternative Onsite Sewage Systems The Emergency Regulations for alternative onsite sewage systems took effect on April 7, 2010 and have been extended six months.  They will now expire October 7, 2011. You can review the emergency regulations and associated documents here. The Board of Health has proposed replacing the emergency regulations.  The Virginia Department of Health convened a series of technical advisory committee meetings to seek input for the proposed regulations.  You can view information about those meetings here. Read the IEN Final Report for the Emergency Regulations Read Weldon Cooper’s Findings on Owner Experiences using Onsite Sewage Systems in Virginia Manufacturer’s Operation and Maintenance Instructions

Private Well Regulations

The Virginia Department of Health proposes to amend the Private Well Regulations.  The first of these two amendments establishes an express geothermal permit, allowing the construction of wells used solely for closed loop geothermal heating systems. The second amendment establishes minimum well yield and storage requirements for residential drinking water wells. The enabling legislation was unopposed during the 2009 General Assembly and the language of the amendments tracks the language in the Code as closely as possible. VDH has worked closely with the Virginia Water Well Association in the drafting of these amendments and believes that the amendments accomplish the minimum requirements of the 2009 legislation. Read the proposed amendments to the Private Well Regulations

Comprehensive Regulation Revisions

Legislation approved in 2007 required the Board of Health to establish a program for regulating operation and maintenance of alternative onsite sewage systems. VDH has worked with stakeholders for several years to develop those regulations as part of a broader effort to incorporate new technology and establish performance requirements. The Board of Health published a Notice of Intended Regulatory Action (NOIRA) on October 8, 2008.  You can view the NOIRA here. The following regulatory outline is a working draft (as of 8-29-08) and is subject to change. The links to the individual sections are working DRAFTS, subject to change and should not be confused with proposed regulations. The Sewage Handling and Disposal Advisory Committee is in the process of reviewing and commenting on the regulations. 1.) Administration 2.) Performance Requirements 3.) Sewage Handling, Residuals Management 4.) Site Characterization 5.) Prescriptive Design and Construction Criteria 6.) Sewers and Conveyances 7.) Performance-Based Systems 8.) Existing Onsite Sewage Systems, Existing Structures, and voluntary upgrades 9.) Operation Maintenance, Monitoring and Management 10.) Listing Treatment Devices 11.) Nonpublic Drinking Water Supplies other than private wells 12.) Water conservation and reuse 13.) Risk-based assessment Appendices

Manual of Practice

Onsite Sewage System Program Information


  • August 13th, 2007 presentation: Accomack County and Chincoteague Virginia “Wastewater 101

Report Documents

Memorandum of Agreement Documents

“Memorandum of Agreement between The Virginia Department of Health and Virginia Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation”: December 2006