Rabies Prevention

Rabies is a deadly disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. It kills almost any mammal or human that gets sick from it. The rabies virus is mainly in the saliva and brain of rabid animals. It can be transmitted through a bite or by getting saliva or brain tissue in a wound or in the eye or mouth.


If You Have Been Bitten:

Don’t panic…but don’t ignore the bite, either. Wash the wound thoroughly with soap and lots of water. Washing thoroughly will greatly lessen the chance of infection. Give first aid as you would for any wound.

If possible, capture the animal under a large box or can, or at least identify it before it runs away. Don’t try to pick the animal up. Call an animal control or law enforcement officer to come get it.

It’s critically important that you notify your family doctor immediately and explain how you got the bite. Your doctor will want to know if the animal has been captured. If necessary, your doctor will give the anti-rabies treatment recommended by the United States Public Health Service. Your doctor will also treat you for other possible infections that could be caused from the bite.


Report the Bite to Your Local Health Department:

For more information on rabies, please visit VDH’s Rabies Control Page


What Can I Do to Help Control Rabies?

Have your veterinarian vaccinate your dogs, cats, ferrets, and selected livestock.  Keep the vaccinations up-to-date.

If your pet is attacked or bitten by a wild animal, report it to the local health or animal control authorities.  Be sure your vaccinated dog, cat, or ferret receives a booster vaccination.

Limit the possibility of exposure by keeping your animals on your property.  Don’t let pets roam free.

Do not leave garbage or pet food outside.  It may attract wild or stray animals.

Do not keep wild animals as pets.  Enjoy all wild animals from a distance, even if they seem friendly.  A rabid animal sometimes acts tame.  If you see an animal acting strangely, report it to your local animal control department and do not go near it yourself.

For more information, contact your local health department.


Links For Further Reading:

Read more about Rabies regulations and exemptions

Dog or Cat Confinement Frequently Asked Questions

Read more about Virginia guidelines for rabies and prevention control