PrEP and nPEP

HIV prevention strategies use medical interventions and public health approaches to prevent infection, decrease infectiousness, and reduce susceptibility.  Please read below to learn more about Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) and non-occupational Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (nPEP).

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“PrEP” stands for Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis. The word “prophylaxis” means to prevent or control, as in the spread of an infection or disease.  An example is using a condom to prevent pregnancy or STDs. The goal of PrEP is to prevent HIV infection from taking hold if you are exposed to the virus. This is done by taking one pill at the same time every day. These are some of the same medicines used to keep the virus under control in people who are already living with HIV. PrEP is most effective when used with other prevention strategies such as condoms.

PrEP Services Locator

Enter your zip code in the national PrEP locator to find a PrEP provider near you.

PrEP Resources

Below are resources for both medical providers and persons who are considering PrEP as a prevention option:

Resources for Providers Resources for General Audience




“nPEP” stands for non-occupational Post Exposure Prophylaxis.  As the term suggests, the goal of nPEP is to prevent HIV infection after you have been exposed to the virus. Having condom-less sex or sharing a needle with a person known to have HIV, or unknown HIV status, or in the case of sexual assault are typical uses for nPEP.  It is important to know that the medications used for nPEP must be started within 72 hours after the incident occurred to be effective.

Below are resources for both medical providers and persons who are considering if nPEP may be a prevention option for them:

Resources for Providers Resources for Consumers
  • CDC website explaining PEP
  • nPEP for Virginians – provides resources and information, including how to access funding for victims of sexual assault *coming soon*

For more information on PrEP services and programming in Virginia, please contact Eric Mayes, PrEP Coordinator.