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Private Well Regulations

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about the Private Well Program

The Private Well Regulations became effective in September 1990. Prior to that only public water supply wells and private wells constructed during the installation of a new or repaired septic system were regulated by the Department of Health. Since the effective date of these regulations, the Virginia Beach Department of Public Health has processed over 16,000 applications for private wells. The major purpose of these regulations is to insure all private wells are located, constructed, and maintained in a manner that does not adversely affect safety, health, or groundwater resources.

These are some key elements that prospective applicants should be aware of:

  • A PERMIT is required to be obtained PRIOR to the construction of any private well.
  • All water well drillers practicing in the Commonwealth of Virginia are REQUIRED TO BE LICENSED BY THE BOARD OF CONTRACTORS UNDER 
  • There are FEES associated with obtaining a permit for a new well. Fees are generally not required for the repair of an existing well but a permit is required every case.
  • In most cases a SITE VISIT is necessary before the permit can be issued. Time should be allowed during the planning a well construction for the Health Department to complete the site visit.
  • Applicants should provide a SITE PLAN TO SCALE with the completed application form and fees.

Last Updated: 08-24-2011

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