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Consumer Services

Animal Bites and Rabies

Day Care Facilities

Restaurant and Food Services

Swimming Pools and Spas

Hotels, Motels, Bed and Breakfasts and Campgrounds

Massage Establishments and Therapists

Animal Bites

The Prince William Health District works in collaboration with local animal control officials. All animal bites involving humans must be reported to the Prince William County Police Department’s Animal Control Bureau at 703-792-6465 or to the Health District at 703-792-6310. Exposure of domestic animals to wild animals should also be reported. Wild animals that have bitten a person or pet should be euthanized and tested for rabies. Animals not apprehended should be considered rabid.


Virginia Rabies Awareness Week- September 22-28 2014

The Virginia Veterinary Medical Association and the Virginia Department of Health have partnered to sponsor a statewide effort to raise rabies awareness and educate residents on how to better protect themselves and their pets from contracting this deadly disease. 

What is rabies?

Rabies is a deadly virus that attacks the brain and central nervous system of mammals, ultimately leading to death. The rabies virus is most commonly found in wildlife, approximately 90% of all confirmed United States cases. The virus is found in the saliva and brain tissue of an infected animal and is spread when an infected animal bites a human or pet.

The most common sources of rabies in the continental United States are raccoons, bats, skunks and foxes.  As of September 9th 2014, the Virginia Department of Health has reported a total of 362 confirmed cases of rabies. Of the 362 total cases, 78 cases, roughly 21.5% were reported in Prince William (12) and the surrounding counties of Fauquier (8), Fairfax (39), Loudoun (14), and Stafford (5). To date, the Prince William Health District has already confirmed 12 cases, surpassing the 10 confirmed cases reported in 2013. 11 of the 12 confirmed cases in 2014 have been found in wild animals, with 8 of the 11 coming from raccoons.  Click here for additional rabies statics (2000-2013).

So what can you do to protect your family and your pets?
The Prince William Health District urges all pet owners to have cats, dogs and ferrets up to date on their rabies vaccinations. In Virginia, all cats and dogs are required to have their first rabies vaccine by four months of age. Please contact your veterinarian to check the status of your pet’s rabies vaccination.

Did you know Virginia Code requires that any pet that comes into contact with a potentially rabid wild or stray animal may be subject to a confinement or “quarantine” period?  Dogs and cats without a current rabies vaccine may be subject to six months of strict confinement or euthanasia if they are potentially exposed (in contact) to rabies. For those pets with current rabies vaccine, this observation period is far less strict and only 45 days in length. Click here for more information regarding Virginia’s rabies laws and regulations.

The Prince William Health District also asks residents to stay away from wild and stray animals. Please make sure to talk to your children about the importance of avoiding wild and stray animals. If you happen to come across a sick wild or stray animal, stay away and call animal control immediately! Another important note, not all infected animals will act sick. This is why we ask that residents avoid all wild and stray animals.
 If you are bitten by a wild or stray animal do not panic. Wash the wound(s) thoroughly with warm soapy water and contact animal control and your doctor or the Prince William Health District for further recommendations.

Lastly, to reduce the likelihood of encountering a wild animal at your home it is recommended that you feed your pet indoors, secure all trash in animal proof containers and remove any debris that could serve as a home for wild or stray animals.   

More information on the rabies virus and steps to control the spread can be found at the Virginia Department of Health and the Centers for Disease Control.

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Restaurant and Food Services

Food Service Facility Operations
The Prince William Health District regulates food service operations in restaurants, schools, childcare and adult care facilities, institutions, hospitals, hotels, motels, bed and breakfasts, youth athletic association food concessions, seasonal snack bars, parks, swimming pools, and temporary food facilities at fairs, festivals, carnivals and other special events. Most of these facilities are required to meet the Virginia Food Regulations. Prince William County also has local regulations for youth athletic association food concessions.

Food Service Facility Inspection
Food service inspections can be viewed online by selecting this link. The frequency of food service facility inspections is based on the menu and the types of foods served as well as the extent of the preparation and processing of those food items. This "risk assessment" is determined by the use of potentially hazardous foods (PHF), the preparation of raw versus ready-to-eat food items, storage, cooking, cooling and the re-heating. Potentially hazardous foods are those that require time and/or temperature control for safety (examples include meat, poultry, seafood, and most dairy products).

Food Service Facility Plan Review
All proposed food service facilities require a formal plan review and approval by the Health District. An application and $40 plan review fee are required for all submitted plan reviews. A separate submittal should be made directly to the Health District to expedite the review process.

Food Service Complaints
To file a food service complaint, call the Environmental Health Division at 703-792-6310 (option #1) between 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. on normal business days and provide the complaint details. Local grocery stores and convenience stores are regulated by the Virginia Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services (VDACS). For more information regarding grocery stores and convenience stores, please call VDACS at 804-786-3520. The Office of the Attorney General Consumer Protection Hotline can be reached at 800-552-9963 (Hearing Impaired: 800-828-1120).

Forms and Documents

View Food Service Facilities Inspection Records

Food Service Facilities Inspection Records

Application for Food Establishment Permit

Restaurant Application

Temporary Food Permit Applications and Requirements (with Spanish translation)

Temporary Food Application

Prince William County Code – Itinerant Vendors License Regulations

Prince William County Code

Guidance for Food Establishments Following a Power Outage/Flood Guidance for Food Establishments
Resources for Foodservice Certification Resources for Foodservice Certification

Please Note: Applications for temporary events should be submitted at least 10 days prior to the event.

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Swimming Pools and Spas

The Prince William Health District inspects and annually permits more than 170 commercial swimming pools and spas. These pools are located at apartment and condominium complexes, local parks, hotels, motels, county clubs, and other private recreational clubs. Prince William County and the City of Manassas have local swimming pool regulations which primarily address water quality, pool patron safety and pool operator training. Also, the state requires that the pool and spa water quality be tested and posted on a placard at the pool. 

Commercial pool owners are required to pay an annual permit fee of $350. Commercial pools are required to have a professionally trained Certified Pool Operator on site when the pool is in operation. Pool Operators are required to pay an annual $15 fee.

Proposed commercial swimming pool and spa construction plans require review and approval by the Prince William Health District.

Forms and Documents

Pool Operator Application:  

Pool Operator Application

List of Approved Providers for Pool Operator Certification:

Approved Providers for Pool Operator Certification

Prince William County Park Authority Swimming Information: 

Prince William Department of Parks & Recreation  

CDC Information on Recreational Water Illness:

Recreational Water Illness - CDC Link

Prince William County Swimming Pool Code:

Prince William County Code, Chapter 25.1.

City of Manassas Swimming Pool Code:

Swimming Pool Code, City of Manassas

Application for Swimming Pool / Spa Annual Permit:

Swimming Pool Application

Information on private swimming pools and steps to follow if property has an Onsite Sewage Disposal System:

Private Swimming Pools: Steps to Follow if Property has an Onsite Sewage Disposal System

Information on Swimming Pool Construction on Properties with On-Site Sewage Disposal:

Please contact the Department of Public Works at 703-792-6830.


Hotels, Motels, Bed and Breakfasts and Campgrounds

Hotels, motels, bed and breakfasts and campgrounds are inspected annually by the Health District, which enforces the state regulations that address these facilities.  The Prince William Health District will also respond to complaints regarding these facilities.

Forms and Documents

Application for a Department of Health Permit

Application for a Department of Health Permit

State Regulations Regarding Hotels, Motels and Bed & Breakfast Facilities

Hotel, Motel, and Bed & Breakfast Regulations

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Massage Establishments and Therapists

Massage Establishments

Massage establishments are required to apply to the Health Department for a permit and pay a $204 fee for new applicants and a $153 fee thereafter to renew a permit. An inspection is made of the facility within three weeks after the application and fee are submitted. The facility must meet minimum lighting and ventilation requirements according to the Uniform Building Code; provide adequate equipment for disinfecting and sterilizing any instruments used; provide hot and cold running water; provide separate dressing, bathing, and toilet facilities for patrons segregated by gender; provide clean towels and linens for patrons receiving massage services; maintain the walls and the physical facility in good repair and in a sanitary condition. See the complete regulations linked below. Applications for Massage Establishments are processed at the  Environmental Health Division - Onsite Sewage and Water Services location.  Please call 703-792-6310 for additional information or assistance.

Massage Therapists are required to go through the Board of Nursing for certification. If you have questions, please call the Board of Nursing at 804-662-9909.

Forms and Documents

Prince William County Massage Establishment Regulations:

Massage Establishment Regulations for Prince William County

Massage Establishment Application Form:

Massage Establishment Application Form

Day Care Facilities

The Prince William Health District inspects and permits food preparation facilities within day care centers. Once a year, at the request of the Department of Social Services, the PWHD completes a general inspection of the entire facility. The PWHD will also respond to complaints regarding these facilities. Facilities with onsite water or septic are required to meet well and septic construction, occupancy and facility use restrictions.  Visit the Virginia Department of Social Services (VDSS) Division of Licensing Programs for a list of additional resources.

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Last Updated: 06-11-2015

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