April 6-12, 2015 the Virginia Department of Health observes National Public Health Week, which recognizes the contributions of public health and highlights issues that are important to improving the health of all Virginians.
As of February 20, 2015, there have been 154 people from 17 states and Washington D.C. reported to have measles since Jan 1, 2015. Most of these illnesses have been found to be a part of a large outbreak linked to an amusement park in California. Although there have been no cases of confirmed measles reported in Virginia this year, Prince William Health District encourages residents who have not been vaccinated or whose children have not been vaccinated to do so as soon as possible. Measles is very contagious but can also be prevented by a very effective vaccine. General measles information can be found through the Virginia Department of Health website at http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/Epidemiology/factsheets/pdf/Measles.pdf or the Centers for Disease Control Website athttp://www.cdc.gov/measles/index.html
Federal health officials estimate that nearly 48 million people are sickened by food contaminated with harmful germs each year. Many people don’t realize that produce can also be the culprit in outbreaks of food borne illness.
FDA says to choose produce that isn’t bruised or damaged, and make sure that pre-cut items—such as bags of lettuce or watermelon slices—are either refrigerated or on ice both in the store and at home.
In addition, follow these recommendations:
From the US HHS website
The Prince William Health District is no stranger to weather-related emergencies. Floods, hurricanes, an earthquake, tornados, extreme heat and winter weather have all impacted our area in recent years. Due to the current weather, we would like to remind you of the following information:
Did you know that floods are the nation’s most common natural disaster? Flooding can develop slowly during an extended period of rain. Flooding can also occur quickly, such as flash floods, even without any visible signs of rain. Be prepared for flooding no matter where you live, but particularly if you are in a low-lying area, near water or downstream from a dam. Even a very small stream or dry creek bed can overflow and create flooding.
Key Facts about Flooding:
For additional information, please visit:
Virginia Department of Emergency Management (VDEM)
More than 144 million United States residents in more than 10,000 communities drink fluoridated tap water, providing an automatic defense against the harmful ingredients that cause such a preventable oral health disease.
"Instead of drilling holes to fix cavities, dentists would rather educate the public on how to avoid developing tooth decay in the first place," said Cynthia Sherwood, DDS, FAGD, spokesperson for the AGD. "Drinking tap water to receive fluoride is safe, and it's easier on your wallet than going to the dentist for a filling."
The second-most effective source of fluoride is varnish. Varnish, applied quickly and easily by a dentist, is one of the most concentrated products available commercially. Varnishes that contain sodium fluoride adhere to tooth surfaces when saliva is present, providing an excellent fluoride treatment.
Keeping fluoride in the mouth enhances its ability to arrest demineralization and promote remineralization, and varnishes are better for this purpose than fluoridated drinking water or toothpaste. Fluoride varnishes are typically used for patients who don't receive enough fluoride from other sources.
Before and After the Snow Storm – Private Wells and Onsite Sewage Systems Safety is similar to after a Hurricane. For information please visit: http://www.vdh.state.va.us/EnvironmentalHealth/Onsite/hurricane.htm
In the case of an electrical outage, it is important to take careful precautions to ensure food safety. The risk of food poisoning is heightened when refrigerators and ovens are inoperable. Discard any food that has been at room temperature for two hours or more, and any food that has an unusual odor, color or texture. Just remember, “When in doubt, throw it out!”
People can practice safe food handling and prevent food-borne illness by following simple steps:
· Always wash your hands with soap and water that has been boiled and cooled or disinfected. Wash your hands:
For additional food safety information, call the toll-free USDA/FSIS Meat and Poultry Hotline at (888) 674-6854. Food safety specialists (both English and Spanish speaking) are available from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. EDT on weekdays year-round.
For more information about how to protect yourself and your family before, during and after natural disasters, visit www.vdh.virginia.gov or the Virginia Department of Emergency Management’s Web site at www.vaemergency.com.
After determining that a cat found in Woodbridge was infected with rabies, the Prince William Health District would like to remind everyone to avoid contact with bats, feral cats, stray dogs, and other wild animals. Pet owners should also ensure that their dogs, cats, and/or ferrets are appropriately vaccinated against rabies. For additional information about rabies, visit the VDH website at www.vdh.virginia.gov/Epidemiology/DEE/Rabies/ or visit the CDC Rabies page at:http://www.cdc.gov/rabies/
If you encounter an animal that is behaving strangely, contact your local Animal Control Division.
A complete media release can be found at:http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/news/PressReleases/2013/regional.htm
Cat bites account for only approximately 15% of all animal bites, but they carry health risks beyond rabies. Cat's teeth generally cause deeper puncture wounds than dog's teeth, and can put harmful bacteria into the wound that can cause serious infections, potentially requiring hospitalization for antibiotic therapy.
If the only thing keeping you from starting a fitness program is the cost of a gym membership, here's good news. You don't need to join a gym to take physical activity seriously. Plenty of low-cost alternatives can help you get fit without breaking your budget. These tips can help you get started.
Take advantage of everyday opportunities
You don't need a gym or special equipment for an aerobic workout. With a little foresight, activities you may take for granted can become part of your fitness routine.
Step it up. Take a brisk walk every day, whether it's in your neighborhood or a local mall. Take the stairs instead of the elevator or make a full workout of climbing the stairs. Sneak in extra steps whenever you can by parking farther away from your destination.
Make housework a workout. Mow the lawn, weed the garden, rake the leaves or shovel the snow. Even indoor activities such as vacuuming and scrubbing count as a workout if you increase your heart rate.
Play with your kids. If you have children, don't just watch them play. Join them for a game of tag or kickball. Walk them to the park. Dance. Take a family bike ride. Go to a community pool. Even if you don't swim, you can enjoy time in the water or walk in the shallow end. Do your kids play video games? If so, plug in with them and swing a virtual tennis racket or do a little boxing.
Improvise with household items
If you'd rather not spend a penny on exercise equipment, use ordinary household items for various upper and lower body exercises:
Canned goods. Many canned goods can serve double duty as hand weights.
Chair or step stool. Use a chair for support when doing exercises such as leg curls. A low, sturdy step stool can become exercise equipment if you use it for step training — an aerobic exercise resembling stair climbing.
Consider a modest investment
If you're able to spend a little, you can find inexpensive products to add variety to your fitness routine:
Dumbbells. Use these small, hand-held weights to strengthen your upper body. They're available in many sizes.
Exercise DVDs and apps. Create the feel of a health club aerobics class in your own living room — or choose a program that'll help you improve your strength and flexibility.
Fitness ball. A fitness ball looks like a large beach ball. You can do many core exercises, including abdominal crunches, with a fitness ball. You can also use a fitness ball to improve your flexibility and balance.
Jump-ropes. Skipping rope can be a great cardiovascular workout.
Resistance tubing. These stretchy tubes offer weight-like resistance when you pull on them. Use the tubes to build strength in your arms and other muscles. Choose from varying degrees of resistance, depending on your fitness level.
Be a savvy shopper
If you're interested in a specific exercise class or piece of equipment, shop around to find the best deal.
Check out your local recreation department. Many recreation departments offer discounted fitness classes to local residents. If you live near a high school or college with a fitness center, ask if the facility is available to community members.
Buy used equipment. Some sporting goods stores specialize in used equipment — or you can check out listings for exercise equipment in the local newspaper. You may also find great deals on used exercise equipment online. Just make sure the cost of shipping won't put the item out of your budget.
Share costs with a friend. Trade exercise videos or DVDs with a friend so that neither of you gets bored doing the same workout over and over again. Find a personal trainer who'll let you share the cost of a session with a friend or two.
Remember, getting in shape doesn't need to be expensive. Don't get caught up in memberships or purchases you can't afford. Instead, concentrate on your fitness goals — and how to achieve them without breaking your budget.
Infectious diseases remain one of the greatest threats to public health in the United States and across the world. Despite key advances in medicine and science, infectious diseases still rank among the greatest causes for illness, disability, and death. The burden of infectious diseases is both a national and global challenge to population health.
A quote from the committee that developed the Healthy People 2020 measures. This demonstrates how important Prince William Health District’s communicable disease and immunization program is to protect the health of the community.
Drinking water with fluoride helps to prevent tooth decay. If you only drink bottled water, you may not be getting an adequate amount of fluoride to prevent tooth decay.
Information from the American Heart Association