Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)

On August 6, 2014 members of the World Health Organization (WHO) officially declared Ebola a public health emergency of international concern. Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) [also known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever] is one of the world’s most virulent diseases and is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected symptomatic person or through exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions.

As of June 17, 2015, the CDC and VDH discontinued active monitoring of persons who have traveled only to Liberia within the last 21 days. These travelers will instead be asked to self monitor their health for 21 days following their departure from Liberia. If during the self-monitoring period a traveler develops illness that may be consistent with Ebola, the travelers and their health care providers are being instructed to contact the local health department.

Below are documents that EMS providers and agencies can use to help them understand the disease and how it might affect EMS in Virginia.  Both documents include other links that are also helpful in understanding the virus.

CDC Ebola Virus Disease Information

Guidance for Developing a Plan for Interfacility Transport of Persons Under Investigation (PUI) or Confirmed Patients with Ebola Virus Disease in the United States (Updated January 27, 2016)

CDC Guidance on Ebola PPE to Assist U.S. Healthcare Personnel – August 31, 2015

Ebola Update – Clinician Letter – June 18, 2015

Regional EVD Response Plans – February 20, 2015

Interim Guidance for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems and 9-1-1 Public Safety Answering Points (PSAPs) for Management of Patients with Known or Suspected Ebola Virus Disease in the United States(Updated January 2, 2015)

Message from the State Health Commissioner to the EMS Community – Ebola Virus Update – October 27, 2014

Ebola Virus Update for EMS Providers – November 18, 2014

Algorithm for evaluating returning travelers for EVD

Memo from Department of Health and Human Services – Healthcare Resources for Suspected Cases of Ebola Virus Disease

Guidance on Air Medical Transport for Patients with Ebola Virus Disease (CDC)

Message from the State Health Commissioner to the EMS Community – Ebola Virus Update – October 3, 2014